Summary CBL

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This is the summary of the book "CBL". The author(s) of the book is/are Helena Debrot. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

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Summary - CBL

  • 1.1 Taak 0: PGO!

  • What are the tasks within PGO?
    Chairperson, minute taker and boardwriter!
  • 1.2 Taak 1: Wat is vrijetijd?

  • What is the objective approach of leisure (vrije tijd)?
    The objective approach of leisure= al time - work/education - care tasks (zorgtaken) - personal maintenance
  • What is the subjective approach of leisure (vrijetijd)?

    The subjective approach of leisure= al the time that the person experiences as free time.

    So, in this case free time is not tangible, it depends per person/situation.
    It often gets described as a leisure activity, while it actually is more like a leisure experience!
  • Why does leisure (activities and experience) differ per person?
    • social environment has influence (reference groups)
    • difference between wanting and being able to (direct environment)

  • 1.3 Taak 2: Historisch perspectief, trends en toekomst van de vrijetijd

  • What are the three different societies?
    1. The traditional society
    2. The modern society
    3. The post-modern society
  • During what time did the traditional society take place?
    From 1200 B.C. until 1850.
  • During what time did the modern society take place?
    From 1850 until 1970.
  • During what time did the post-modern society take place?
    From 1970 until today.
  • Why did the societies change into other societies?
    1850= Industrial revolution
    1970= Teenagers choose for themselves
  • What are the characteristics of the traditional society?
    • A agrarian society with a small scale production
    • Depending on nature
    • Small communities
    • High social control
  • What are the characteristics of the modern society?
    • Production on big(ger) scale
    • Anonymous  market
  • What are the characteristics of the post-modern society?
    • Globalisation (smaller world)
    • Higher educated and higher income
    • Higher demands (question differentiation= vraagdifferentiatie) cause production to be more expensive
    • Rational person with an objective truth, the individual seeks a subjective gratification (behoeftebevrediging) 
  • The traditional society: 
    • Economy: self-sufficiency for the family from nature, a.k.a. the subsistence-economy (zelfvoorziening)
    • Social structure: might depended on land ownership (feudalism= leenstelsel), inequality, identity was decided at birth, serf (lijfeigene), holding on to tradition.
    • Space: the horizon was your world and all that existed.
  • What are the weaknesses of niche-marketing?
    • Capital
    • Professionalism
    • Tensile force (spankracht)
  • The modern society:
    • Economy: The trade/commerce capitalism from 1600-1850 was an introduction of the money-economy. The industrial revolution was from 1850-1920 (big scale)The technical industrial society from 1920-1970 (fordism & conveyor) caused for more free time and a better work environment.
    • Social structure: The balance of the society changes; for industrial companies you needed a capitalist with a lot of money. There was an introduction of the entrepreneurs class. Uneducated labourers moved from the country side to the city, low income, child slavery, free time is non-working time, lot's of cheap alcohol. All of a sudden the society acts crucial; in 1920 the roots of  the welfare State start, this because the State gets forced by socialists & social democratic parties and in 1970 inequality decreases.
    • Space: Transport possibilities, after 1960 more travel, verge tourism (berm toerisme), inexhaustible source of commodities.  
  • What are the USP's of niche-marketing?
    • Flexibility
    • Inventiveness
  • The post-modern society:
    • Economy: Commercial & non-commercial service provision, no more or less mass production and consumption, mark-segment is unpredictable, question differentiatio, measurement of products, capital intensive (this is bad for the leisure industry), domination by big national/multinational companies, niche-marketing.
    • Social structure: period of neoliberalism, political ideology of letting the government have a basic role in society developments (companies get bigger role), welfare State comes under pressure, dichotomy in society (poor/rich), relationships become superficial, however social acknowledgement and status become important, individualism. 
    • Space:  Mobile, extreme environmental pollution, multitasking, small world, global player. 
  • What are the differences of leisure between the three societies?
    • Traditional society: Work and leisure are really separated. The elite had a lot of free time, while the civilian al most did not have free time. Leisure had to do with tradition.
    • Modern society: Work and leisure got even more separated; work & non-work time. Leisure was seen as recuperation time, cheap alcohol, 1920 things get better, extra free day (Saturday).
    • Post-modern society: Small world, travel during leisure, higher demands which causes higher prices, this allows big companies to take over the leisure sector. 
  • What is the difference between a trend and a fad (rage)?
    Trends are a long, fundamental, autonomous societal development.
    Fads are for a short period.

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