Summary Class notes - Art History: The Impact of Antiquity

- Art History: The Impact of Antiquity
- J.L. de Jong
- 2015 - 2016
- Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen)
- English Language and Culture
213 Flashcards & Notes
1 Students
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Summary - Class notes - Art History: The Impact of Antiquity

  • 1441144800 Introduction

  • Who: ECD Architects
    What: Carrol Gartin Justice Building
    When: 2010
    Where: Jackson, Mississippi
  • Who: Theodore Link
    What: Mississippi State Capitol
    When: 1903
    Where: Jackson, Mississippi
  • What: Pantheon
    When: 125-140
    Where: Rome
  • Who: Dinsmoor and Hart
    What: The Parthenon of Nashville
    When: 1897
    Where: Nashville, Tennessee
  • Who: Cass Gilbert
    What: Supreme Court Building
    When: 1935
    Where: Washington D.C.
  • Who: Benjamin Henry Latrobe
    What: Baltimore Cathedral
    When: 1806-1811
    Where: Baltimore, Maryland
  • What: Cathedral of Chartes
    When: 1194-1220
    Where: France
  • Who: Jean François Chalgrin
    What: Arc de Triomphe
    When: 1806-1836
    Where: Paris, France
  • What: Arch of Titus
    When: 80
    Where: Forum Romanum, Rome
  • Who: Carl Gotthard von Langhans
    What: Brandenburger Tor
    When: 1788-1791
    Where: Berlin, Germany
  • What: Acropolis
    Where: Athens, Greece
  • Who: Jean-Antoine Houdon
    What: Bust of Napoleon
    When: 1806
    Where: France
  • What: Bust of Augustus
    When: 50
    Where: Rome
  • Who: Horatio Greenough
    What: Enthroned Washington
    When: 1840
    Where: Washington D.C.
  • Who: Raphael
    What: School of Athens
    When: 1512
    Where: Vatican, Rome
  • Who: John Quincy Adams
    What: George Washington Statue
    When: 1882
    Where: New York
  • What: Apollo Belvedere
    When: 350-320 B.C.
    Where: Rome
  • Who: Andrea Palladio
    What: Church of Il Redentore
    When: 1577-1592
    Where: Venice
  • Who: Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola
    What: Church of San Andrea al viale Flaminio
    When: 1552-1553
    Where: Rome
  • What: Castel Nuovo
    When: 1280
    Where: Naples
  • Who: Bernardo Rosselino
    What: Tomb Monument of Leonardo Bruni
    When: 1446-1448
    Where: Florence
  • Who: Paolo Uccello
    What: Funerary Monument to Sir John Hawkwood
    When: 1436
    Where: Florence
  • What: Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
    When: 2nd century
    Where: Rome
  • What: Capitol
    Where: Rome
  • What: Capitoline Hill
    Where: Washington D.C.
  • What: United States Capitol Dome
    When: 1856-1863
    Where: Washington DC
  • Who: Jacques-Germain Soufflot
    What: Pantheon
    When: 1758-1789
    Where: Paris
  • Who: Christopher Wren
    What: St. Paul's Cathedral
    When: 1675-1710
    Where: London
  • Who: Michelangelo
    What: St. Peter's
    When: 1547-1592
    Where: Rome
  • Who: Bramante and Tempietto
    What: San Pietro in Montorio
    When: 1505
    Where: Rome
  • Who: Johann Bernard Fisher von Erlach
    What: Karlskirche
    When: 1716-1737
    Where: Vienna
  • What: Column of Trajan
    When: 113
    Where: Rome
  • What: Column of Marc Aurelius
    When: 190
    Where: Rome
  • What: Basilica of Maxentius
    When: 306-313
    Where: Rome
  • What: Parthenon
    When: 447-432 B.C.
    Where: Athens
  • What: Portrait of Pericles
    When: 2nd century
  • Who: Nico Poussain
    What: The Holy Family in Egypt
    When 1655-1657
    Where: France
  • Who: Antonio Canova
    What: Perseus
    When: 1804-1806
  • Who: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
    What: The Apotheosis of Homer
    When: 1827
    Where: Paris
  • According to Beard and Henderson, the ancient tour guide Pausanias could be called a Roman provincial living in Greece, even though he was born there. What does this say about his writing?
    Mainly that it was not entirely unbiased, because he wrote about the Greek culture from a Roman point of view and therefore unconsciously coloured his works with that view point. Therefore, his works cannot really be used as a perfectly unbiased description of the ancient Greek antiquity. 
  • According to Beard and Henderson, what does the account of Pausanias suggest about modern scholars studying antiquity?
    We can only speak about Antiquity as what we assume it was like, because we did not live in that age and don't know anyone who did. 
  • According to Beard and Henderson, what does Pausanias' account of the temple of Bassae show us about our sources of information?
    That our knowledge of the ancient world is not only coloured by our modern western perspective, but also that our sources of information are haphazard. After all, only Pausanias' description of the temple survived, even though it could have been lost just as easily as whatever else has been written about it.
  • Why aren't there many written accounts left from antiquity?
    Because the printing press was only invented in 1450 and before that, it was very expensive to produce texts. They were all hand written.
  • Why should we doubt the accuracy of Pausanias' description of the temple of Bassae?
    Because he wrote about it 600 years after it was built. 
  • What is most of our knowledge about Antiquity shaped by, according to Beard and Henderson?
    By a random selection of buildings and texts that survived the ages. If other buildings or texts had survived, we would have had other ideas about Antiquity.
  • Why do Beard and Henderson warn against reading texts from writers from the Antiquity?
    Because they wrote these texts as reflections on their own culture and they were not mere descriptions of what took place during Antiquity. Most of it was part of a judgment against the writer's culture.
  • According to Beard and Henderson, what have the past 2000 years done to Antiquity's heritage?
    They coloured it. What we know about it nowadays was also coloured by what people in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance thought about it. We cannot just get rid of those ideas.
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How, according to Seymour Howard, does the restorer honour the original creator?
He shows that the work is worth restoring because of its beauty and by restoring the object he allows it to be re-viewed.
With what does Seymour Howard associate Antiquity?
Mainly with naturalism.
Which group specifically went to search for the truth about ancient Rome?
The Humanists.
PanelsBiblical themesPerspective had no importancePerfect figuresStorytellingTo what art movement do these characteristics belong?
Medieval art
EnlightenmentAbstract ideas turned into figures (like Justice)Recreating the art of the mastersUsing the ancient Greek and Roman styleTo what art movement do these characteristics belong?
Copying Roman art &Emulating itIn a somewhat sober styleIn perfect harmony &With often classical motivesTo what art movement do these characteristics belong?
17th centuryMore staticOften depicting ancient scenesImitation of the Roman styleTo what art movement do these characteristics belong?
DynamicTheatricalEmotionalRealisticTo what art movement do these characteristics belong?
What were the two main styles of art in the 17th century?
Baroque and Classicism.
According to Seymour Howard, why are artworks mainly restored nowadays?
To try and keep them in sufficient condition for them not to further detoriate. That's mainly all that matters. All the same, the art is often copied so that the original doesn't need to be moved.