Summary Class notes - British Studies - Britain studie for learners of English

Course
- British Studies - Britain studie for learners of English
- Jeanine Mysliwiec
- 2015 - 2016
- NHL Hogeschool (NHL Hogeschool, Leeuwarden)
- Lerarenopleiding 2e graad Engels
111 Flashcards & Notes
12 Students
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Summary - Class notes - British Studies - Britain studie for learners of English

  • 1454367600 3.1 Chapter 1 & 3 - Country, People, Culture & Geography

  • 1.1.Explain the terms ‘Great Britain’, ‘the United Kingdom’ and the ‘Republic of Ireland’.
    Great Britain would include Wales, England and Scotland. It’s more used in a geographical sense and excludes some islands that are in fact part of Scotland, Wales and England.

    The United Kingdom is short for The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Which includes everything except the Republic of Ireland.
    Republic of Ireland is the southern part of the smaller island. It’s an independent country and not part of the UK.
  • 1.2.What is the relationship between the UK and the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands?
    They are crown dependencies and have special political arrangements with the UK. 

    Both are ruled by a Lieutenant Governor that’s been appointed by the British government, both have their own parliament and tax system. 
  • 1.3.The terms Albion and Britannia refer to England. What are the origins of these names?
    Albion is used for both England and Scotland or for the two combined. It’s found in poetic contexts, derived from the Greek and Roman name for Great Britain. The Romans associated Britain with ‘white’ (albus) because of the cliffs of Dover.


    Britannia; the name that the Romans gave to their southern British province. (England, Wales) – Aslo the name given to the female embodiment of Britain. 
  • 1.4.            Give the colours and the plants which are symbols of the nations which make up the Uk.
    England – White, rose
    Scotland – Blue, thistle
    Wales – Red, leek / daffodil (leek is most well-known)
    Ireland – Green, shamrock (klaver)
  • 1.5.Name 3 ways in which English domination can be detected in various aspects of British public life.
    Antwoord volgt nog
  • 1.6.Explain the reason for divided loyalties during international sporting and other events.
    There are millions of people that live in Britain that don’t necessarily consider themselves British. They identify with their grandparents’ or parents’ descent more and therefore support those national teams rather than supporting the English one.
  • 1.7            What are the origins of the biggest groups of ethnic minorities living in the United Kingdom?
    % of UK population in 2001:
    - White other 2.4
    - Asian Indian 1.8
    - Asian Pakistani 1.3
    - Mixed ethnicity 1.2
    - White Irish 1.1
    - Black Caribbean 1.0
    - Black African 0.8
    - Asian Bangladeshi 0.5
    - Chinese 0.4
    - Asian other 0.4
  • 1.6.Describe the characteristics of British Bulldog.
    Toughness and tenacity  (answer to the first of these 2 questions)
  • 1.8. What is the reason for the pattern and colours of the Union Jack?
    It’s a mix of all the flags of the UK except for Wales. England and Wales had already been annexed in 1300s. (George’s cross, St. Patricks, St. Andrews).
  • 1.6 Explain the reason for divided loyalties during international sporting and other events.
    Antwoord
  • 1.9.(vraag uit Facebook doc.) 
    What are the origins of the biggest groups of ethnic minorities living in the United Kingdom?
    Black Carribeans, Indian subcontinents.
  • 1.10.What is the reason for the pattern and colours of the Union Jack?
    -
  • 3.1              Be able to identify the areas mentioned on the map on page 33. (Look carefully!).
    - If made a list of all areas (stil need to check if its complete)
  • 1.7.What roughly are the populations of the four nations of the UK?
    Populations in 2006 (in millions):  
    - England 50.8
    - Scotland 5.1
    - Wales 3.0
    - Northern Ireland 1.7
  • 1.7  What are the origins of the biggest groups of ethnic minorities living in the United Kingdom?
    % of UK population in 2001:
    - White other 2.4
    - Asian Indian 1.8
    - Asian Pakistani 1.3
    - Mixed ethnicity 1.2
    - White Irish 1.1
    - Black Caribbean 1.0
    - Black African 0.8
    - Asian Bangladeshi 0.5
    - Chinese 0.4
    - Asian other 0.4
  • 3.2.Be able to describe the climate and geography of the UK in general terms.
    The climate and geography of the UK can generally be described as having a lack of extremes. There aren’t any active volcanoes, it doesn’t get bloody hot in the summer and it doesn’t get freezing cold in the winter. 

    Britain doesn’t have extremely high mountains, although it has a lot of hills and some mountainous areas. There are some very beautiful areas in the UK, for example the Lake District or the area around Mount Snowdown.

    (the further west you go, the rainier it gets). 

    (Also information on Page 32)
  • 3.3            Be able to identify the main UK cities on the map on page 34.
    - If made a list of all cities (stil need to check if its complete)
  • 3.4            Why was the first recorded temperature of 37.9°C such an important event?
    On 10 August 2003, a momentous event occurred at Heathrow airport just outside London. There, a temperature of 37.9 degrees Celsius was recorded. This may not look an especially significant figure, but to the British it had great psychological impact. This is because many of them still think in the old Fahrenheit scale and 37.9 degrees Celcius is 100.2 degrees Fahrenheit (F).
    It was the first time in British history that the temperature had passed the 100 degrees Fahrenheit Mark. (page 36) 
  • 3.5            What is the Thames Barrier?
    The Thames Barrier protects the city from flooding about three times a year (average). It is a storm surge barrier. It was completed in 1983 after a tidal surge killed 300 people in the Thames Estuary in East London. 


    It is widely believed that this structure won’t be enough (climate change) and new defences are being considered.
    (Information also on page 35)

    PPT: The Thames Barrier is located downstream of central London. Operational since 1982, its purpose is to prevent thefloodplain of all but the easternmost boroughs of Greater London from being flooded by exceptionally high tides and storm surges moving up from the North Sea
  • 3.6      explain the names: the Square Mile; the Downs; East Anglia; the Black Country; the north-south divide; the Pennines; the Lake District; Celtic and Rangers; Athens of the North; Snowdonia; the Giant’s Causeway.
    The Square Mile: The original walled City of London or simply ‘the City’. During the day the financial centre of London, more than a quarter of a million people work here. Only 10.000 people live here.


    The Downs: A series of hills in the south of England used for sheep farming (not as much anymore). The south side of the Downs reaches the sea in many places and also form the white cliffs.


    East Anglia: A region of the UK in the east of England, north-east of London. It is one of the driest parts of Britain. Very rural area, but because of its flatness also very suitable for growing arable crops. Popular for boating holiday.


    The Black Country: Really Birmingham and the areas to its north and west. Birmingham, Britain’s second largest city and once a major engineering centre, still convert iron and steel into goods.





    The north-south divide:??? staat niet in de samenvatting, antwoord moet nog opgezocht worden. (nog niet kunnen vinden) 



    The Pennines: Mountains that run up the middle of northern England like a spine. Either side had means to lead the Industrial Revolution. The western side (Manchester area) became the world’s leading producer of cotton goods (19th century). The eastern side (Bradford and Leeds) became the world’s leading producer of woollen goods.


    The Lake District: Biggest National Park in England situated in the north-western corner of England. Popular with people that enjoy walking holidays. ‘Lake Poets’ lived here and wrote about the beauty of this area.


    Celtic and Rangers: Two Scottish (Glasgow) football teams, one is Catholic (Celtic) and one is Protestant (Rangers). This reflects very well how the immigrants from Northern Ireland influences.


    Athens of the North: Also known as Edinburgh, associated with law, scholarship and administration has a rock in the middle of the city with a castle on it (hence the name). Famous for its Edinburgh Festival of the Arts.


    Snowdonia: The area around mount Snowdon. Very beautiful and the largest National Park of Britain.


    the Giant’s Causeway: Natural beauty in Northern Ireland on the north coast. Called this because it looks like giant stepping stones.
  • (uit Facebook document) 1.7.What roughly are the populations of the four nations of the UK?
    Populations in 2006 (in millions):  
    - England 50.8
    - Scotland 5.1
    - Wales 3.0
    - Northern Ireland 1.7
  • 4.3 Describe the characteristics of British Bulldog.
    Toughness and tenacity
  • 3.5            What is the Thames Barrier?

     
    The Thames Barrier protects the city from flooding about three times a year (average). It is a storm surge barrier. It was completed in 1983 after a tidal surge killed 300 people in the Thames Estuary in East London. 


    It is widely believed that this structure won’t be enough (climate change) and new defences are being considered. 
  • 3.2.Be able to describe the climate and geography of the UK in general terms.
     
    The climate and geography of the UK can generally be described as having a lack of extremes. There aren’t any active volcanoes, it doesn’t get bloody hot in the summer and it doesn’t get freezing cold in the winter. 

    Britain doesn’t have extremely high mountains, although it has a lot of hills and some mountainous areas. There are some very beautiful areas in the UK, for example the Lake District or the area around Mount Snowdown.

    (the further west you go, the rainier it gets). 
  • 1.9.What are the origins of the biggest groups of ethnic minorities living in the United Kingdom?
    Black Carribeans, Indian subcontinents. 
  • 3.3            Be able to identify the main UK cities on the map on page 34.
     
    -
  • 1.8.Explain the reason for divided loyalties during international sporting and other events.
    -
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