Summary Class notes - British Studies

- British Studies
- British Studies
- 2015 - 2016
- NHL Hogeschool, Leeuwarden
- Lerarenopleiding 2e graad Engels
289 Flashcards & Notes
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Summary - Class notes - British Studies

  • 1456786800 1- Country and people

  • Why is Great Britain 'great'?
    To distinguish it from Brittany. In France Bretagne vs La Grand Bretagne.
  • What are the British Isles?
    Great Britain, Ireland and all the islands together. Used in 19th and 20th Century. Now only a reminder of the times when Ireland was politically dominated by Britain.
  • What is Britain/British?
    Used when talking about something to do with the UK (Great Britain and N. Ireland). Great Britain, GB, Britain/British.  
    Officially The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (The United Kingdom, UK).
  • What is Albion?
    Celtic word used by the Greek and Romans for Great Britain.
    Albus in Latin means white, which refers to the white cliffs of Dover.
    Used by poets and songwriters.
  • What is Britannia?
    The Romans gave this name to the southern British province (England + Wales).
    Name of the female embodiment of Britain
    - Always wears a helmet
    - Holds a trident (symbol of the power of the sea)
    - Patriotic song "Rule Britannia, Britannia rule the waves"
    - on the reverse side of coins for more than 300 years.
  • What is Briton?
    AD 43. Ancient Britons are the people who lived in southern Britain before and during the Roman occupation, nowadays thought to be the Welsh.
    A Briton describes a citizen of the UK.
  • What is Caledonia?
    Roman name for Scotland, i.e. Glasgow Caledonian University
  • What is Cambria?
    Roman name for Wales, i.e. the Cambrian period
  • What is Hibernia?
    Roman name for Ireland, i.e. Hiberno-English.
  • What is Erin?
    A poetic name for Ireland. The Emerald Isle is another way of referring to Ireland.
  • Who is John Bull?
    A fictional character that personifies Englishness.
    Often appears at football or rugby matches.
    Appears as a typical  18th century country gentleman evoking an idyllic rural past.
  • What does the British bulldog represent?
    British bulldog stands as a sign of toughness and tenacity for English people.
  • Symbols of the 4 nations
    Ireland ................ Wales ........................... Scotland ................. England
    Celtic .................. Celtic ........................... Celtic ....................... Germanic
    St.Patrick(X) ....... Dragon of Cadwallader.. St.Andrew(X) ... St.George(+)
    Rep.of Ireland flag ................................... Lion Rampant.
    Shamrock .......... Leek, daffodil ............. Thistle ..................... Rose
    green .................. red ................................ blue ......................... white
    17Mar ................. 1-Mar ........................... 30Nov ..................... 23-Apr
  • Stereotypes
    Irish: The harp. They are great talkers. 
    Scots wear kilts and have a reputation for being careful with money. Bagpipes.
    Welsh: The harp they are renowned for their singing ability.
  • The dominance of England
    - Some people say England instead of Britain.
    - The system of politics is English.
    - English is the main language of all 4 nations.
    - The political unification was achieved by England's economic/military power.
    - Money is controlled by th Bank of England.
    - Elizabeth-I never ruled Scotland or N.Ireland, today's monarch is Elizabeth-II.  
    - Anglo and England derive from the Germanic tribe 'Angles' of the 5th century.
  • Why is the Welsh flag not on the union Jack?
    Because Wales was annexed by England in the 1300's.
    In 1707 England joined Scotland and the union Jack was created. Later Northern Ireland joined and the cross of Patrick was added.
  • What is the official language of Wales?
    Welsh and English
  • A brittish bulldog, a lady sitting: who is it?
    Brittania refers to England south of Caledonia.
    Trident in her hand, helmet on her head.
    The trident she holds represents the rule of the seas
  • Explain the British love of animals, where does it come from, how do you see it? (the Queen has lots of corgis)
    Their love for nature, living in the country instead the city, tradition.
    Foxhunting, bird tables in gardens.
  • During international sporting events, there are divided loyalties
    The origin of immigrants. Those descending from other countries, although they are british, will prefer to support their original fatherland.
    Occurs also between the 4 british nations when 2 nations play against each other.
  • What is meant by the English identity crisis
    The Welsh, Scottish and Irish have a clear origin, but English often refers to British as a whole instead of England.
    The National anthem is British and is played at English ceremonies
    - 'God save the Queen'.
    - ' Land of hope of Glory'  refers to England only; they would like it to be the English anthem.
    - 'Rule Brittania' refers to all of Britain.
  • Northern Ireland is considered a polarised society?
    Northern Ireland is Protestant, the rest of (Republic of) Ireland is Catholic.
    Communities are separated by walls.   
    see also: Battle of the Boyne, Plantation of Ulster. The IRA. Tar and feathers.
  • England has a divided line. What does it signify?
    North and South division
    North: poor, industrial, less-educated, friendly.
    South: snobby, rich, countryside, educated.
  • The 4 major ethnic minority communities, where do they come from?
    Bhangladesh, West Indies, Afro-Carribean, South Africa invited to come over and work on London transport and underground.
    1947 India got indepedence, made up of hindu, sikhs, budhism and muslim. They divided into India(hindus) and Pakistan(muslims). Bangladesh got its independence around 1970.
  • Regarding Class, what 3 social classes was British society was divided into, about 30-40 years ago?
    Working class 
    Middle class
    Upper class: Aristocracy, public schools.
    a new class: The underclass are those on benefits.
  • What is the Thames Barrier?
    The Thames Barrier is located downstream of central London since 1982.
    Prevents the floodplain of all but the easternmost boroughs of Greater London from being flooded by exceptionally high tides and storm surges moving up from the North Sea.
  • What is the Union Jack?
    1603 - King James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne and became King James I of England.
    1606 - the National Flags of Scotland and England were united for use at sea, thus making the first Union Flag.
    1707 - during the reign of Queen Anne, the first Union Flag was by royal proclamation made the National flag of Great Britain, for use ashore and afloat.
    1801 - Ireland was united with Great Britain and the present Union Flag was formed.
  • What are the 3 lions?
    The lions are the symbol of the military lions.
    Found on coins
  • What makes the Scottish and Welsh distinct from the English?
    Public life:
    - Education
    - Legal and Welfare systems
    - Banknotes
    Symbols of Welshness and Scottishness:
    - Way of speaking
    - Different flags, saints.
  • What is a typical symbol of Wales?
    Sheep, male choirs, rugby.
  • What is the official language of Wales?
    Both English and Welsh
  • Who is the patron saint of England?
    St. George (St Georges cross)
  • Who is the patron saint of Scotland?
    St. Andrew
  • Who is the patron saint of Wales?
    St. David
  • Why is the Welsh flag not included in the Union Jack?
    Wales was annexed by England in the 1300, so it was considered part of Britain at the time. in 1801 Ireland was included.
  • 4 major minority communities, where do they originally come from?
    India (Bangladesh), Afro-caribbean, South Africa, West Indies.
  • What is the dividing line in England?
    Industry vs country, North vs south, poor vs rich.
  • Why is Northern Ireland  considered a divided (polarised) society?
    The Murals.
    Due to religion, Catholics vs Protestant communities.
    There are drawings/paintings on the murals throughout Ireland. Some with British flags (protestants) and some with Ireland (catholics)
  • What is meant by the English identity crisis?
    The unclarity between who are the English and who are the British. The distinction is unclear.
    The Welsh have less issues, they don't consider themselves
    English. Scot and Irish have own identity, anthem and flag.
    Scottish, English, Irish have their own flag and anthem.
    The English 'national anthem is 'God save the Queen' they are hoping 'Land of Hope and Glory' refers to England only.
    'Rule Britannia' is Britain.
    The Union Jack is flown instead of (unofficial) own flags.
  • Joint international sporting events, sometimes loyalties are divided, why is this?
    The Olympic teams are known as 'Britain', but the teams come from either Ireland, England and/or Scotland.
    In a group of people from UK, with 4 teams playing, the people in the room are divided. Immigration from West Indies, Indian, although British, a Cricket match England-West Indies the tendency is for the nation you, your (grand)parents are from.
  • Who took part in Fox Hunting?
    The Upper class (Aristocracy) did fox-hunting (for pest-control, as they say)
  • Explain the british love for animals
    Their love of nature, tradition.
    Everybody has a bird table in their gardens
  • What is the relationship between the UK and the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands?
    They have special political arrangements.
    They are crown dependencies, not officially part of the UK.
    Each has self-government, parliament and own tax system.
    Ruled by a Lieutenant-Governore appointed by the British government.
  • Give the colours and the plants which are symbols of the nations which make up the Uk.
    Ireland: green, shamrock
    Scotland: blue, thistle
    England: white, Rose
    Wales: red, leek or daffodil
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What are The Troubles and when did they start?
started in 1972 on Bloody Sunday when 14 unarmed Catholic marchers were shot dead.
The IRA started bombing and the Loyalist Paramilitaries committed terroist attacks in Rep. of Ireland.
What form of Protestantism is practised in Scotland?
Presbyterian church
What are the 2 largest religious groups in Britain?
The church of England (Anglican church)
the church of Scotland
Who is the religious Head of Church in England?
Archbishop of Canterbury
Who is Head of the Church of England?
The monarch
Describe and explain the changing relationship which Britain has with the USA.   
It has declined since Britain joined the European Communities.
Britain is part of the European trading block
The channel tunnel emphasized Britain's link with Europe.
Since 1990's American visitors are no longer the greatest numbers, the majority are now from Europe
What are the origins and the role of the Commonwealth?
Good relations between Britain and the newly independent countries.
Queen Elizabeth II encouraged an international organization composed of those countries that used to be part of the empire to continue to hold annual meetings.
What step has been taken to increase the ‘turnout’
Voting by post, which can cause fraud.
Explain the term by-election
Special election in a constituency when a sitting MP can no longer fulfil his duties.
Explaint the term canvassing
Canvassers go from door to door asking the people how they intend to vote.
Transport can be offered.
For those undecided, canvassers may pass by again
It gives an estimate on how popular the party is.