Summary Class notes - Business Information System

- Business Information System
- -
- 2019 - 2020
- Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- International Business Administration
120 Flashcards & Notes
1 Students
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Summary - Class notes - Business Information System

  • 1569880800 Strategy & IS

  • What are the four grids in McFarlan's strategic grid?
    - Factory
    - Strategic
    - Support
    - Turnaround
  • When moving to the strategic grid in McFarlan's grids, information systems are crucial concerning supply chain and manufacturing.
  • Porter's Five Forces are:
    - buyer / supplier power
    - threat of new entrants
    - substitutes  
    - internal rivalry
  • How do IS influence threat of new entrants?
    - they raise entry barriers and make market entry easier
  • How do IS influence internal rivalry?
    - they can reduce cost and lead to more effective management
  • Fit between strategy and IS depends on strategic focus on:
    - process > operational excellence
    - product > product leadership
    - customer > customer intimacy
  • Business strategy is on a corporate level whereas IS strategy is on a business unit level
  • 5 phases of implementing IS strategy:
    - strategic awareness > identifying strategic objectives
    - situation analysis > SWOT, internal & external analysis
    - strategy conception > identifying opportunities
    - strategy formulation > new IT architecture / portfolio
    - strategy implementation planning > change management approach, action plan, follow-up procedure
  • Strategic awareness: alignment: degree of (mis)fit between business and IS strategies
  • Strategic alignment: strategic fit:
    - external : business strategy
    - internal: organic infrastructure and processes
  • Strategic alignment: functional fit:
    - external: IT strategy
    - internal: IT infrastucture and processes
  • Strategic alignment: technology potential

    business strategy determines IT strategy which determines IS infrastructure and processes
  • Strategic alignment: competitive potential:

    IT strategy determines business strategy which determines organization's infrastructure and processes
  • Strategic alignment: strategy execution:

    business strategy determines organizational infrastructure and processes which determines IS infrastructure and processes
  • Strategic alignment: service level alignment:

    IT strategy determines IS infrastructure and processes which determines organizational infrastructure and processes
  • Purpose of assessing McFarlan's strategic grid?
    - Assessing the importance of IS
    - IS match with strategic objectives
    - IS match with IS management
  • McFarlan's strategic grid: strategic: IS characteristics?
    Future oriented, providing competitive advantage
  • McFarlan's strategic grid: factory: IS characteristics?
    Focused on existing business operations, avoiding competitive disadvantage
  • McFarlan's startegic grid: support: IS characteristics?
    Focused on local improvements in business efficiency and management effectiveness (HR)
  • McFarlan's strategic grid is typical in the strategic awareness phase of implementing IS
  • Strategy conception phase of implementing IS: focusing on opportunitites and threats. What is the potential role of IS in realizing those opportunities?
  • Strategy formulation phase of implementing IS: formulating the IS strategy goals and determine what the organization should look like. - what kind of IS portfolio?
  • Strategy implementation phase:

    defining change management approach,   
    concrete change projects > action plan, follow up procedures
  • 1569967200 Technology basics

  • Moore's law: the observation that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles every two years
  • IP (standing for Internetworking Protecol) enables the intercommunication of inter and intra organizational networks
  • Cloud computing is a model for enabling ondemand network access to a shared pool of configurable network sources (networks, servers, storage) that can be rapidly released with minimal management effort or provider interaction
  • Cloud service models:

    SaaS: software as a service
    PaaS: platform as a service
    IaaS: infrastructure as a service
  • Blockchain: an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way
  • Developments in software, hardware and networking:
    increasing capacity, speed, intelligence etc.
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