Summary Class notes - chemistry

Course
- chemistry
- Chris L Deeter
- 2017 - 2018
- luoa
- science
366 Flashcards & Notes
1 Students
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Summary - Class notes - chemistry

  • 1517785200 6.16.1)(6.16.2)(6.16.5)(6.17.1)

  • combustion reaction
    A reaction involving oxygen gas that often produces carbon dioxide and water.
  • decompostion reaction

    A reaction in which a compound splits apart into two smaller, simpler substances.
  • synthesis reaction
    A reaction in which smaller, simpler substances combine to form a larger substance.
  •  Identify the reaction that is NOT a combustion reaction?

    NO(g) +O3(g) --> NO2 (g) + O2 (g) `
  • When a hydrocarbon undergoes combustion, what are the products?
    carbon dioxide and water
  • Select the reaction that is NOT a synthesis reaction?
    CH^4+0^2-->CO^2+H^20
  • Which of the following is always a reactant in a combustion reaction?
    oxygen
  • Identify the balanced decomposition reaction for silver oxide?

    2 Ag2O (s) --->4 Ag (s) + O2 (g)
  • Identify the product of a synthesis reaction between magnesium metal and nitrogen gas?

    Mg3N2
  • Identify the reaction that is NOT a decomposition reaction?

    Al (s) + HCL (aq) -->AlCl3 (ag) + H2 (g) 

  •  When will a metal and a nonmetal participate in a combination reaction?

    When an ionic compound is formed.
  • Metal carbonates decompose and produce _____ and _____
    a metal oxide and carbon dioxide
  •  Select the product of the combustion of hydrogen?
    water only
  • Which reaction can be classified as both a combustion and a synthesis reaction?

    CO (g) + O 2 (g) --> CO2 (g)
  • Which of the following is a synthesis reaction?
    all of the awnsers are correct
  • When a binary compound decomposes what are the products?
    its components elements
  • Which of the following substances react with oxygen?
    all of the answers are correct
  • Select the balanced equation that represents the combustion of octane, C8H18.

    2C8H18   +   25O2   →   16CO2   +   18H2O
  •  Select the balanced equation for the decomposition of strontium hydroxide.

    Sr(OH)2      →   SrO     +   H2O

  • Which of the following is the balanced synthesis equation if copper has a charge of +1? 

    4Cu + O2 → 2Cu2O

  • State whether each reaction listed below is a synthesis, decomposition, combustion, single or double replacement reaction.  
    Ba(OH)2(aq) + NaSO4 (aq) --> NaOH (aq) + BaSO4 (s)
    double replacement
  • Choose the reactions that are NOT double-replacement reactions


    NH4Cl+ KOH --> KCl + NH3 + H2O

    HI + Ba(OH)2 --> BaI2 + H2O



    Ni(NO3)2 + NaOH --> NaNO3 + Ni(OH)2











    Zn + Cu (CH3COO)2 --> Zn(CH3COO)2 + Cu

     
    NH4Cl+ KOH --> KCl + NH3 + H2O
    Zn + Cu (CH3COO)2 --> Zn(CH3COO)2 + Cu

  • Choose the halogen or halogens that can be replaced by bromine .
    iodine only
  • The least reactive metals are found  _____ of the activity series, while the most reactive metals are found _____.
    at the bottom, at the top
  • Which of the following is the balanced single replacement the reaction that occurs when aluminum metal replaces copper in a solution of copper(II) nitrate?
    2 Al (s) + 3Cu (NO3)2 (aq) --> 2 Al(NO3)3(aq) + 3Cu(s)

  • A precipitate is defined as a (n) _____________    .
    insoluble ionic compound
  • Which of the following is the balanced single replacement reaction that occurs when rubidium reacts with water?

    2Rb(s) + 2 H2O(l) ---> 2RbOH(aq) + H2 (g)
  • Which of the following is the balanced single replacement reaction that occurs when tin reacts with a hydrochloric acid?
    Sn(s) + 2HCl (aq) --> SnCl2 (aq) + H2(g)
  • Choose the metal that can replace iron in a single-replacement reaction.
    aluminum
  • Choose the metals that can both be replaced by tin in a single-replacement reaction.
    silver and lead
  • Which is NOT a single-replacement reaction?
    Ba + H20 -->Ba(OH)2 +H2

    Zn(NO3)2 + NaOH --> NaNO3 + Zn(OH)2

    Zn(NO3)2 + NaOH --> NaNO3 + Zn(OH)2
  • In single-replacement reaction, a metal atom replaces a _____ atom and a nonmetal atom replaces a _____ atom in a compound.
    metal, non-metal
  • When a single-replacement reaction occurs, the element doing the replacing must be _____ than the element being replaced.
    more reactive
  • Which of these options lists the three general types of single-replacement reactions?
    metal hydrogen halogen

  • Choose the metal that can displace hydrogen in an acid
    nickel
  • Which of the following is the balanced double replacement a reaction that occurs when aqueous sodium hydroxide reacts with aqueous strontium chloride, producing a precipitate of strontium hydroxide?
    NaOH (aq) + SrCl2 (aq) --> 2NaCl (s) + Sr (OH)2 (aq)

    2NaOH (aq) + SrCl2 (aq) --> 2NaCl (aq) + Sr(OH)2 (s)

     
    2NaOH (aq) + SrCl2 (aq) --> 2NaCl (s) + Sr (OH)2 (aq)

    2NaOH (aq) + SrCl2 (aq) --> 2NaCl (aq) + Sr(OH)2 (s)

  • State whether each reaction listed below is a synthesis, decomposition, combustion, single or double replacement reaction.  
    C4H10(g) + O2(g) --> CO2 + H2O (l)
    combustion

  • State whether each reaction listed below is a synthesis, decomposition, combustion, single or double replacement reaction.  
    Fe(s) + Br2 (g) --> FeBr3 (s)
    synthesis

  • State whether each reaction listed below is a synthesis, decomposition, combustion, single or double replacement reaction.  
    Cu(s) + AgNO3 (aq) --> Cu (NO3)2 (aq) + Aq (s)
    single re-placement
  • Which of the following is the balanced double replacement reaction that occurs when an aqueous solution of copper(II) nitrate combines with an aqueous potassium phosphate? 

    3Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 2K3PO4(aq) --> Cu3(PO4)2(s) +6KNO3 (aq)
     
    Cu(NO3)2(aq) + K2PO4(aq) --> Cu(PO4)(s) +2KNO3 (aq)

    3Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 2K3PO4(aq) --> Cu3(PO4)2(s) +6KNO3 (aq)
  • Which ions are present in a solution of lithium hydroxide, LiOH

    Li+, OH−
  • A species that is dissolved in a solutio, but does not take part in the chemical reaction is a(n)...
    spectator ion
  • Which is the correct dissociation equation for cesium bromide?

    CsBr(s)-->Cs+(aq) + Br-(aq)
  • Which statement about the solubility rules is NOT true?

     
    All acetate compounds are soluble

     
    All compounds of the alkali metals are soluble.
    All chloride compounds are soluble.

    All compounds containing the ammonium ion are soluble
    all chloride compounds are soluble
  • What is the net ionic equation that occurs when zinc nitrate and lithium phosphate are mixed together in water? A precipitate of zinc phosphate is formed.

    3Zn2+   +    2PO43-    →    Zn3(PO4)2 (s)
  • Which combination below will NOT result in a chemical reaction?
    K2SO4 (aq) + NH4Cl (aq) -->
  • The solid silver chloride formed when solutions of NaCl and AgNO3 are mixed is called a _____.
    precipate
  • All net ionic equations must be balanced by both _____ and _____.
    mass and charge

  • Identify the spectator ion(s) in the ionic equation below.
    2K+ (aq) +CO32- (aq)+Ba2+ (aq)+2NO3- (aq)→2K+ (aq) +2NO3- (aq)+BaCO3 (s)

     
    2K+; 2NO3-

  • A reaction with a low activation energy would be likely to react _____ a reaction with a high activation energy.
    more rapidly than
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