Summary Class notes - development of talent and motivation

Course
- development of talent and motivation
- 2021 - 2022
297 Flashcards & Notes
1 Students
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Summary - Class notes - development of talent and motivation

  • 1612134000 lecture 1

  • Research shows being able to differentiate between emotions is beneficial to wellbeing 

    this course is about helping people do well rather than fixing what is wrong
  • What is postive psychology
    positive psychology is part of social/personality/clincal psychology difference is focus on helping make like more fullfilling
  • Three dimensions of postive psuchology
    postive subjective state
    positive individual states
    positive institutions   

    EUDIAMONIA
  • Martin Seligman: The new era of positive psychology | TED Talk
    Martin Seligman: The new era of positive psychology | TED Talk
  • Positive psychology is the scientific study of what enables individuals and communities to thrive according to the mission statement of international postive psychology association
  • There are three broad areas of human experience according to postive psychology describe them
    1 positive subjective states, this consists of positive emotions such as free confident and happy
    2 positive individual traits these are characteristics and individual has that are considered positive such as wisdom justice or humor
    3 positive institutions, such as functioning families or work groups or friends or goverment agencies that actually do a good job
  • The good life is a combination of the three elements of human experience
  • Keyes and Lopes (2000) suggest a model of complete mental health plotting well being on one axis and mental illness vs mental health on the other axes. What are the two take away points from this model
    1 the dimensions are relatively independent, well being being a positive thing and ilness being a negative thing
    2 it highlights that lack of mental illness does not automatically enhance well being
  • According to aristotle the golden mean was the ticket to hapiness what is this golden mean
    The idea of a golden mean suggests that between cowardice and rashness one finds courage, between sloth and greed there is ambition. Thus good moral behaviour is found between the excesses this is also the source of eudaimonia, a condition of meaning and self realisation
  • Eudaimonia is about flourishing and completeness
  • Hapiness also holds a central element in religion and is often found in the strugle between spirit and flesh
  • positive psychology is a humanisitic psychology this means that there are three ways in which humans are regarded
    1.individuals’ behaviouris primarily determined by their perception of the world around them and their personal meanings; 2.individuals are not solely the product of their environment or their genes;
    3.individuals are internally directed and motivated to fulfil their human potential -> they have a choice and responsibility for their own destiny
  • 1612738800 lecture2

  • Learning objectives
    what are emotions
    negative and positive emotions
    factors affecting emotion
    emotional inteligence
  • What are emotions?
    psychological state defined by subjective feelings but also characteristic patters of physiological arousal thoughts and behaviour
  • Not consesus about deffinition emotion
    common ground is that emotion has multiple facettes
    all emotions have labels(name)
    appraisal(good or not)
    Bodily reactions(hearth rate etc etc)
    Action tendency(how do you react)
    facial expression(confussion.jpg)
    feeling (do you feel in control)
  • Mood is like climate emotion is like weather
  • Affect is umbrella term for something(look back)
  • Positive and negative emotions are they related?
    one vs two dimensional model
    research is mixed
  • Postive/negative emotion ratio
  • biological factors in emotion
    neurotransmiters
    dopamine->pleasure, movement, motivation (not in the rewards but more in anticipation)
    seratonin->
    oxytocin->
    endorfins-> increase pleasure decrease pain
  • Mainly left prefrontal cortex involved with emotion
  • Happiness set point theory, we will return to a set point of happiness
  • Our toughts determine our emotions??
    emotional event->percieve->evaluate->emotional experience
  • Seligman, learned optimism
  • Behavior characteristics positive behavior
    character strengths
    differs from talents
    involves will and can be cultivated
    valued across time and culture
    Morally valued, ends not just means
    not just lack of negative trait,
    can be measured
  • Emotional intelligence ability model
    percieving
    using
    understanding
    managing
  • 3 relevant theories about motivation
    2E HELFT VAN COLLEGE TERUGKIEKEN
  • Motivation in education
    what decreases motivation?
  • Hope theory
    realistics plans
    goals agency pathways
  • Boraden and build theory
    positive emotions have a puirpose they broaden awareness and encourage varied toughts provide new adaptiove behavior upward sprial
  • The salovey and mayer model consists of four elements for emotional intelligence
    Percieving ->recognicing emotional cues in self and others
    using emotions->use emotions to facilitate mood(happy toughts for happy activities)
    understanding emotions->know yuor emotions are complex you understand why you feel a certain way
    managing-> ability to selfregulate and change emotions
  • Emotional intelligence enhances wellbeing
  • Cultivating emotional intellience 
    Nelis Quoidbach shows emotional intelligence can be trained and remain after training
  • There are three relevant theories related to motivation
    Self-determination theory most influential(inherent tendencies for psychological growth
  • What are the 3 key elements to self determination theory?
    Competence need for mastery of fields deemed important(feel effective in the environment)
    autonomy have a say in things deemed important (behaviour that is self endorsed and congruent) 
    relatedness  have peers that feel the same(being cared for and caring for others)
  • Intrinsic vs extrinsic motivators from within vs from outside
  • The older children become the more they start internalising intrinsic and internalised motivation
  • What decreases motivation?
    Surveillance
    evaluation
    deadlines
    threats and negtive consequences
  • What increases
    Increase autonomy competene and relatedness
    allow students to take control avoid cover control provide rational positive feedback and sense of community
  • Hope theory
    goals(something to strive)
    agency(you believe you can pursue them)
    pathways (if you can imagine a way to get there)  
    We are hopefull and believe we can do the work to follow the path to our goal)
  • Broaden and build theory
    what is the function of positive emotions?
    broaden and build->postive emotions broaden and build into more and better things opening us to novelty and helps build personal resources skills and knowledge and garnering more positiveemotions -> upward spiral
  • Broaden and build for negative emotions
    Allow us to focus and deal with dangers by narrowing attention
  • Broadening stage we open up to the world we do this because we want positive emotions so we develop resources to experience positive emotions again has positive health effects
  • High approach positive emotions elicit narrowed attentions whereas low approach positive emotions elect broader attentions so positive things vital for survival focus attention
  • How much change in positive emotion is needed before it causes a change in behaviour
  • Self determination theory
    hope theory
    broaden and build theory
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What increases
Increase autonomy competene and relatedness
allow students to take control avoid cover control provide rational positive feedback and sense of community
What decreases motivation?
Surveillance
evaluation
deadlines
threats and negtive consequences
What are the 3 key elements to self determination theory?
Competence need for mastery of fields deemed important(feel effective in the environment)
autonomy have a say in things deemed important (behaviour that is self endorsed and congruent) 
relatedness  have peers that feel the same(being cared for and caring for others)
There are three relevant theories related to motivation
Self-determination theory most influential(inherent tendencies for psychological growth
The salovey and mayer model consists of four elements for emotional intelligence
Percieving ->recognicing emotional cues in self and others
using emotions->use emotions to facilitate mood(happy toughts for happy activities)
understanding emotions->know yuor emotions are complex you understand why you feel a certain way
managing-> ability to selfregulate and change emotions
positive psychology is a humanisitic psychology this means that there are three ways in which humans are regarded
1.individuals’ behaviouris primarily determined by their perception of the world around them and their personal meanings; 2.individuals are not solely the product of their environment or their genes;
3.individuals are internally directed and motivated to fulfil their human potential -> they have a choice and responsibility for their own destiny
According to aristotle the golden mean was the ticket to hapiness what is this golden mean
The idea of a golden mean suggests that between cowardice and rashness one finds courage, between sloth and greed there is ambition. Thus good moral behaviour is found between the excesses this is also the source of eudaimonia, a condition of meaning and self realisation
Keyes and Lopes (2000) suggest a model of complete mental health plotting well being on one axis and mental illness vs mental health on the other axes. What are the two take away points from this model
1 the dimensions are relatively independent, well being being a positive thing and ilness being a negative thing
2 it highlights that lack of mental illness does not automatically enhance well being
There are three broad areas of human experience according to postive psychology describe them
1 positive subjective states, this consists of positive emotions such as free confident and happy
2 positive individual traits these are characteristics and individual has that are considered positive such as wisdom justice or humor
3 positive institutions, such as functioning families or work groups or friends or goverment agencies that actually do a good job