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Summary - Class notes - Europees Recht
1609887600 (1)EU law. Evolution of EU law
To foster - bevorderen
To wage war - oorlog voeren
Scope - reikwijdte
Instigation - aanzetten
Enforcement - handhaving
Infringement - inbreuk
Envisage - voor ogen hebben, voorzien
Adhere - zich houden
Sham - schijn
Exhaustive - Uitputtend
Contentious - Controversieel. Can een discussie teweegbrengen
To be in breach - strijdig met, in strijd met
Leeway - speelruimte
Deliberates - Beraadslagen
Duly - naar behoren
Give a compact summary or timeline of how the EU was established.After WWII, The Ruhr was controlled by an international authority. Because of its high concentration in coal and steel it was a region with a high interest from all (surrounding) members of the international authority.
The german minister Schumann noticed how Germany had no voice whatsoever. Therefore the international authority was established. Germany gave up some of their sovereignty but nevertheless they maintained a voice in the newly established ESCC -European steel and coal community;).
Name the main features of the ESCC.- It allowed Supranational decision-making
- limited in scope ( only steel and coal )
- Its means were trade liberalization
-Treaty obligation applied to its member states as well as individuals
- Initially a centre-right political inititiative
What are today's main sources EU primary law1. Treaty on European Union
Originally Treay of Maastricht ( 1993)
2. Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
Charter of Rome (1958)
3. Charter of Fundamental rights (handvest)
What are the four main themes in the history of EU integration?- The powers of the institutions
vs. The power of the member states
- Democratic legitimacy , always a source on contention
- Development from the beginning economic objective slowly to non-economic objectives.
- Geographic expansion. Initially a Western European organisation expanded in all wind directions.
In 1958 there was a treaty in Rome what was the main establishment and what was its main objective?- The
establishmentof an European Economic Community EEC
- It had an economic
orientation, creating a common market was the main objective. It established an engine for the European union. Way broader in scope than ESCC.
Enforcement of competition rules
enforcement of eu law in general by starting infringement laws.
established: - European Commission
- Council of ministers
- court of justice
- Common Assembly is the basis Euro Parlement.
' Let's collaborate, let's give these supranational institutions power to regulate our markets. Lets remove barriers to trade and make sure to do business abroad.'
1986The next big treaty was in Stuttgart. Single European act. Tell me something about this.Strengthening of the role of EP and supranational decision-making.
Expanding collaboration in other areas( than solely economic;))
First time the EP was relevant in the legislative process. It could change the decision making. (The council could only adopt proposition in unanimity)
The Maastricht treaty was set up in the year...? What main parts did it include?- Established the European Union
- Introduced the highly impractical Pillar system.
- 1 pillar= supranational decision making
- 2 pillar = common foreign and security policy
-3 pillar = collaboration on criminal law ( freedom, justice and security)
The 2nd and 3rd was still mainly intergovernmental in essence.
very limited roles for The court and the EP.
Mainly governed by the council. (De raad)
The treaty of Lisboa in 2009 what did it establish?The Lisbon treaty deleted the pillar structure, which was impractical.
except!! Common foreign and security policy!! Still is today very much based on inter-governmental decision-making.
That area was still dominated by The Council.
1610492400 (2)The Principle of Attribution of Powers
Why is the attribution of powers so important?It governs when, what and How the EU has power and executes it.
Three key questions:1. When does the EU have the power to adopt legally binding acts?
2. What is the nature of that power?
3. How does the EU exercise that power?
4 topics :The choice of the legal basis
The exclusive powers of the EU
Art 114 TFEU Important legalbasis for the Eu to improve the functioning of the EU's internal market. Operates in a wide area of circumstances.
WHat is a different word for the attribution of power in Art. 5 TEU?The Principle of Conferral
In the Principal of Conferral what is an important sentence.
Competencesnot conferredupon the Union in the treatiesremain with the member states
Thus the Eu needs a legal basis within the Treaties!
The legal basis provides:1: Whether the EU has
competencesto act ( Vertical division of powers)
2: The procedure to be followed, How? (Horizontal division of powers)
3: What kind of acts can be adopted. (
specifywhich type of legal act the EU can use. Sometimes the Legal basis can specifywhich legalinstrument the EU canuse.
In which Article can we find information on the different types of competences the EU has?Art. 2 TFEU. In the Article a general regulation on the different types of competences is written such as:
- Exclusive Competence
- Shared Competences
- Supplementary Competences
- Coordinating Competences
After Art. 2 Paragraph 1 TFEU is related to ?Art. 3
TFEU , exclusive competences
Mainly in Trade. Common commercial policies. If it falls under the scope of the common commercial policies, it is only the EU that can negotiate a deal with the UK. So the member states will not make trade deals with 'other' countries.
When it comes to Shared Powers with the Member states, where can we find the legal basis for that?Art. 2(2) TFEU.
WHat does Pre-emption of the EU mean?Member states can only exercise their powers unless the
EUhas already adopted legally bindngrules in a particular area. Then there is so called pre-emption.
A few exceptions of Pre-emption of the EU are:- Development cooperation of research
- Technological development and space
Member states can always go further than the EU has decided on that specific matter.
What is one of the main objectives described in art. 114 TFEU?The Objective must be to ' Improve the
establishmentand accomplishmentof the internal market'
Countries should remove the barriers to trade between member states. Or remove distortions of competition.
undertakings operate under the same conditions.
If NL has different rules than Germany then it would be no problem when the standards of the EU policy are met by all the member states.
Latest added flashcards
VERVOER is uitgezonderd in de dientenrichtlijn in art. 9 onder D).
Dus : Richtlijnen zijn NIEt van toepassing, maar de verdragsbepalingen.
Art. 58 VWEU: vervoersdiensten worden geregeld in de 'titel betreffende het transport 90 -100 VWEU)
" LIDSTATEN MOGEN REGULEREN 'MET INACHTNEMING VAN DE ALGEMENE REGELS VAN HET VWEU'.
DUS zal de activiteit/bedrijf niet meer getoetst worden aan de verdragen (art. 49 -56 Wv)( het primaire Unierecht)
Het Hos is hier een beetje zoekende is het dienstenrichtlijn of een andere? Later meer.
- Hoofdstuk 3 van de Dienstenrichtlijn is (vestiging van
-Volgens de richtlijn is de EIS ( een territoriale beperking) VERBODEN!
TENZIJ deze gerechtvaardigd wordt door een dwingende reden van algemeen belang, niet discrimineert en noodzakelijk en evenredig is.
- een hypothetisch of onzekere
- Misbruik van recht
Grens tussen misbruik en gebruik
- Personen (Week 5)
- Diensten (Week 5)
- Kapitaal (Week5)
- Personen valt ook weer op te splitsen in:
hij was immers zelfstandig ondernemer in Italie (Uit DE)
Van Kapitaal wordt afgeleid de vrijheid van:
Gevaarlijke afvalstoffen ---> Richtlijn ( die zei niks over ongevaarlijke afvalstoffen, allen over gevaarlijke afvalstoffen.
Ongevaarlijke afvalstoffen ---> Art. 34 en Art. 36 VWEU
Het HvJEU oordeelde dat België ( wallonië) wel in zijn recht stond onder artik 36 VWEU en Rule of reasoning.
- Daarna pas kijkt het HvJEU naar de vrij verkeersbepalingen.
twee vragen van belang of een bepaa;de regel van nationaal recht voldoet aan het EU recht?
1. zijn er al Eu regels op het terrein van de nationale regelgeving?
Zo nee. Toetsen aan vrij verkeersbepalingen
Zo ja. Ga naar vraag 2--->
2. Laten die Europese regels beleidsruimte over aan de lidstaten om nationale regelgeving op te stellen.
Zo nee . Toetsen aan Europese regels
Zo ja. Toetsen aan vrije verkeersbepalingen.