Summary Class notes - GEN-21803

Course
- GEN-21803
- Sijmen Schoustra
- 2019 - 2020
- Wageningen University (Wageningen University, Wageningen)
- Voeding en Gezondheid
156 Flashcards & Notes
1 Students
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Summary - Class notes - GEN-21803

  • 1589148001 Puzzel C1

  • Enzyme that can 'glue together' (join end to end) DNA molecules.
    Ligase
  • Another word for egg cells and sperm cells
    Gametes
  • A nucleotide that forms a double hydrogen bond with its complement in DNA
    Thymine
    Adenine
  • Variations on a gene
    Alleles
  • The idea that continuous traits are controlled by multiple Mendelian genes is called the ... Hypothesis
    Multifactorial
  • Deciphering the exact nucleotide sequence of DNA molecules
    DNA sequencing
  • Three nucleotides coding for a specific amino acid
    Codon
  • This is regulated by regulatory elements
    Gene expression
  • .... Can copy DNA
    DNA polymerase
  • The DNA sequence to which the regulatory protein is bound in figure 1-9
    Regulatory element
  • What QTL stands for
    Quantitative trait locus
  • Study of complete gene sets
    Genomics
  • The process by which a copy of the DNA is produced
    DNA replication
  • Complementary to cytosine
    Guanine
  • Most of your cells are ...
    Somatic cells
  • Species used in experimental biology in order to learn about groups of species
    Modelorganism
  • An organism with foreign DNA inserted in its own DNA
    GMO
  • Abbreviation of single nucleotide polymorphism
    SNP
  • Opposite of recessive
    Dominant
  • Figure 1-7 depicts a model in which one gene encodes one ...
    Enzyme
  • A common view on inheritance before the genetics revolution began
    Blending theory
  • A change of one nucleotide in the DNA to another
    Pointmutation
  • The process of inserting foreign DNA into organisms
    Transformation
  • Fitting together like pieces of a puzzle, in this case with hydrogen bonds
    Complementary
  • Theory proven by Morgan when he demonstrated genes are on chromosomes
    Chromosome theory
  • Enzyme that can cut DNA
    Nuclease
  • Complementary to guanine
    Cytosine
  • Fundamental unit of biological information
    Gene
  • What this course is all about
    Genetics
  • RNA synthesis from a DNA template
    Transcription
  • Template for protein synthesis
    Messenger RNA
  • Polypeptide production
    Translation
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