Summary Democracy in the Netherlands

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Summary - Democracy in the Netherlands

  • 1 The Netherlands rises again

  • What was the hangover from the war?
    The enormous damage from the war. Homeless people, broken houses and factories, agricultural land had been flooded. Food, clothing and fueal were barely available. etc.
  • What did industry become?
    the engine of the recovery and the innovation of the economy.
  • Why did they keep wages and prices low?
    Because of this, controlled wages and prices policy, industry was able to produce cheaply. This was good for exports. With the profits that companies were making they could expand further.
  • When was the reconstruction finished?
    1950. The economy continuead to grow steadily after that.
  • What increased significantly in the industry?
    employment. Many employees in industry came from the agricultural field. The number of farmers and land workers declined rapidly
  • How is it possible that the number of farmers and land workers delined rapidly, while agricultural production increased?
    Poor farm companies with low profits disappeared. Large farms increased their production. The Neterlands used Marshall aid, among other things, to purchase tractors.
  • Where was a lot of work in aswell?
    construction was going on everywhere to solve the lack of housing. Not only caused by war but also by baby boom. At the edge of cities and town, completely new neighbourhoods rose up with endless rows of one-family houses and apartment buildings.
  • To who was the Dutch economy's success thanked?
    to the employees who worked 50 hours a week on average and had one week of holidays a year.
  • What were people like in that time?
    People were contantly enouraged to live frugally. Diligence and obedience were also important values.  employees linted to emplyers, women listened to husbands, children listened to teacher and parents.  Pepple stuck in the role that men was breadwinner and wife the housekeep. Sex was not discussed and divorce was a scandal.
  • How could you see that the wages rose significantly in 1956, and prosperity started to be in reachc of many people?
    The arrival of the Dutch car. DAF of Eindhoven launched a 'family car' in 1958 with  a revolutionary, fully automatic gear system.
  • Which two parties controlled politics from 1946?
    the confessional Katholieke Volksparty (KVP) and the socialdemocratic Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA).
  • Why and when were they found?
    They were both founded immediately after the war to replace the old socialist and Catholic parties.
  • Theyheld a large majority in parliament but what did they do to receive even more support?
    They added the protestant CHU and the recentlyfounded liberal Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie to their Roman-red coalition in 1948.
  • By what was the VVD replaced in 1951?
  • When was PvdA member Willem Drees prime minister?
    from 1948 to 1958. He was an important man in politics and trust of both the left and the right.
  • What did Drees before he became prime minister?
    He had been minister of Social Services. In 1947, he established the Old Age Pensions Emergency Act.
  • What was the OLd Age Pensions Emergency Act?
    All people over 65  From then on received a monthly allowance rom the state, so they would no longer be dependent on their children or have to live the rest of their golden days in povertly
  • What did this law create?
    the foundation of the social security system
  • What is the other social law that followed in 1951?
    The unemployment insurance Act (WW) for people who had lost their jobs by no fault of their own.
  • What law came in 1957?
    The General Pension Law (AOW), which replaced the Emergency Acct.
  • What happened after 1958?
    The PvdA disappeared from the government. Just like before the war, there now cainets with confessionals and liberals. But the creation of the welfare state continued.
  • What were social welfare benefits that were free>
    such as the National Assistance Act of 1963, which provided people who had no income with an allowance.
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What was the hangover from the war?
What did industry become?
Why did they keep wages and prices low?
When was the reconstruction finished?
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