Summary Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria from DSM-5

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ISBN-10 0890425566 ISBN-13 9780890425565
595 Flashcards & Notes
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This is the summary of the book "Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria from DSM-5". The author(s) of the book is/are American Psychiatric Association. The ISBN of the book is 9780890425565 or 0890425566. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

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Summary - Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria from DSM-5

  • 2 Diagnostic criteria and codes

  • De 22 groepen zijn: 

    1. neurodevelopment disorders
    2. schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
    3. bipolar and related disorders 
    4. anxiety disorders 
    5. obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
    6. trauma and stressor related disorders
    7. dissociative disorders
    8. somatic symptom and related disorders 
    9. feeding and eating disorders
    10. elimination disorder
    11. sleep-wake disorder
    12. sexual dysfunction
    13. gender dysphoria
    14. disruptive, impulse control, and conduct disorders
    15. substance related and addictive disorders
    16. neurocognitive disorders
    17. personality disorders 
    18. paraphillic disorders 
    19. other mental disorders 
    20. medication induced movement disorder and other adverse effects of medication
    21. other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention 
  • 2.1 Neurodevelopmental disorders

  • What are the domains in neurodevelopmental disorders?
    1. intellectual disabilities
    2. communication disorders
    3. autism spectrum disorder
    4. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    5. specific learning disorder
    6. motor disorders 
    7. other neurodevelopmental disorders 
  • 2.1.1 intellectual disabilities

  • What is criteria A for intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder)?
    deficits in intellectual functions. confirmed by clinical assessments and standardized intelligence testing
  • What is criteria B for intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder)?
    deficits in adaptive functioning. without support limited functioning
  • What is criteria C for intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder)?
    onset during developmental period
  • Specifiers for intellectual disability (intellectual development disorder)?
    • Mild: Able to blend in and fuction 
    • Moderate: Can care for them selfs, sometimes need instructions and support, basic communication 
    • Severe: needs supervision + support in most situations, little ability to communicate 
    • Profound: requires close supervision. Extremely limited in day to day life -
  • What is criteria A for global development delay?
    under the age of 5
  • What is criteria B for global development delay?
     Severity level cannot be reliable assessed (eg with stand. testing) during childhood
  • What is unspecified intellectual disability?
    over the age of 5
    when degree of mental disability is hard to define due to blindness, deaf, etc.
  • 2.1.2 communication disorders

  • What is criteria A for language disorder?
    Difficulties in use of language across modalities that are below expected age, that include:
    • Reduced vocabulary 
    • Limited sentence structure 
    • Impairments in discourse (ability to use language to explain, describe or conversate)
  • What is criteria B for language disorder?
    language abilities are below those expected of age. resulting in functional limitations
  • What is criteria C for language disorder?
    onset is in early developmental period
  • What is criteria D for language disorder?
    The disability is not attributable to motor, medical, neurological or better explained by something else
  • What is criteria A for speech sound disorder?
    difficulty with speech sound production
  • What is criteria B for speech sound disorder?
    causing limitations in effective communication or anxiety about speaking
  • What is criteria C for speech sound disorder?
    onset in early development
  • What is criteria D for speech sound disorder?
    not attributable or explained by something else
  • What is criteria A for childhood onset fluency disorder (stuttering)?
    disturbance in normal fluency, inappropriate for age, persistent over time
  • What is criteria B for childhood onset fluency disorder (stuttering)?
    causing anxiety of speaking, limitations
  • What is criteria C for childhood onset fluency disorder (stuttering)?
    onset in early development (otherwise adult onset fluency disorder)
  • What is criteria D for childhood onset fluency disorder (stuttering)?
    not because of motor or other problems
  • What is criteria A for social (pragmatic) communication disorder?
    Difficulties in social use of verbal/nonverbal communication
    • Deficits in using communication for social purpose (greeting/sharing info) 
    • Not able to change communication to match the context or the listener 
    • Difficulties following the rules for conversation and storytelling. (taking turns) 
    • Difficulties in understanding what is not explicitly stated (humor, ambigious info) 
  • What is criteria B for social (pragmatic) communication disorder?
    Result in functional limitations in effective communication, social participation, relationships etc.
  • What is criteria C for social (pragmatic) communication disorder?
    Onset early development (but deficits may not fully manifest until social comm. demands exceed limited capacities)
  • What is criteria D for social (pragmatic) communication disorder?
    The symptoms are not attributable to something else or better explained
  • What is unspecified communication disorder?
    Do not meet full criteria of communication disorder 
    the reason why is not specified
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specifiers for PTSD <6 years old?
Same specifiers as for PTSD >6 years old?
what is criteria G for PTSD <6 years old?
not attributable
what is criteria F for PTSD <6 years old?
causes distress
what is criteria E for PTSD <6 years old?
duration >1 month
what is criteria D for PTSD <6 years old?
Marked alterations in arousal and reactivity associated with the traumatic event. Two or more: (same as adults, except reckless behavior)
  • Irritable behaviour and angry outbursts 
  • Hypervigilance 
  • Exaggerated startle response 
  • Problems with concentration 
  • Sleep disturbance 
what is criteria C for PTSD <6 years old?
One or more of following 6 symptoms
Persistent Avoidance of Stimuli: (split in two symptoms)
  • Avoidance or efforts of activities, places, or physical reminders that arouse recollections of the traumatic event(s). 
  • Avoidance of or efforts to avoid people, conversations, or interpersonal situations that arouse recollections of the traumatic event(s). 
Negative Alterations in cognitions: 
  • increased frequency of negative emotional states 
  • diminished interest in activities: including play 
  • socially withdrawn behavior 
  • reduction in expression of positive emotions.      
what is criteria B for PTSD <6 years old?
same as >6 years old
what is criteria A for PTSD <6 years old?
same as >6 years old
specifiers for PTSD >6 years old?
Specify whether;
  • With dissociative symptoms 
  • Depersonalization : Feeling detached from body (sense of unreality of self) 
  • Derealization: unreality of surroundings (world is unreal) 

Specify if: 
  • With delayed expression: full diagnostic criteria are not met until at least 6 months after the event (although the onset and expression of some symptoms may be immediate). 
what is criteria H for PTSD >6 years old?
not attributable