Summary English Language and Literature for the IB Diploma

ISBN-10 1107400341 ISBN-13 9781107400344
208 Flashcards & Notes
3 Students
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This is the summary of the book "English Language and Literature for the IB Diploma". The author(s) of the book is/are Brad Philpot. The ISBN of the book is 9781107400344 or 1107400341. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

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Summary - English Language and Literature for the IB Diploma

  • 1 language in cultural context

  • accent
    describes the way in which someone pronounces a language
  • ad hominem
    a type of argument that attacks a person rather than their ideas, words or actions
  • alliteration
    repetition of a consonant at the beginning of two or more words or stressed syllables
  • analogy
    is the process of comparing two things or ideas
  • anecdote
    story or biographical incident that usually contains a smal life lesson or moral message
  • Anglophone world
    refers to the places in the world where English is spoken
  • antagonist
    the character of a dramatic story who stands in the way of the protagonists and tries to prevent them from achieving their goal
  • anti-novel
    novel that ignores all of the structural conventions of regular novels such as plot, characterisation, and consistent point of view
  • apostrophe
    device that allows the poet, or the narrator of a poem, to directly address something inanimate or someone dead or absent
  • argumentation fallacies
    common but invalid syllogisms, or in other words, poor strings of logic
  • aside
    dramatic device where a character turns and speaks directly to the audience, relating private thoughts that other characters on the stage cannot hear
  • assonance
    repetition of a vowel sound in the middle of two or more words
  • atmosphere
    describes the mood of a story, created through both the tone of the narrator and the setting of the story
  • audience
    defined as the group of listeners or readers for whom a text or message is intended
  • ballad
    form of rhyming verse, usually following a pattern of abcb, that tells a narrative and can be set to music
  • bandwagon effect
    allusion to the kind of float or wagon in a parade that carries many happy people; in its figurative sense, it describes what happens when something becomes popular quickly as people follow the example set by others.
  • bias
    skewed presentation of a story from a particular ideological position
  • bildungsroman
    belongs to a tradition of novel writing about young individuals coming of age who learn a lifelong lesson through a transformational experience
  • bilingualism
    phenomenon of people using two or more languages regularly
  • blank verse
    describes poetry that has a consistent metre but no rhyming scheme
  • brand
    product's identity and the feelings and values customers associate with it
  • brand loyalty
    describes a consumer's allegiance to a product and their habit of buying it regularly
  • broadsheet
    newspaper that is larger than a tabloid, the format is often associated with in-depth reporting and a balanced presentation of opinions
  • catharsis
    refers to how people can be purged of their emotions through reading or watching works of fiction
  • censorship
    intentional removal of information that the censor, be it a government or media agent, deems  harmful, sensitive, or controversial
  • cliché
    literary device or structure that has been used so often that it has lost some of its artistic significance and fails to affect audiences
  • close reading
    refers to the practice of analysing and interpreting texts
  • code-switching
    can be done by speakers who speak two dialects of a language or two entirely different languages, swithcing from one to the other depending on whom they are talking to or what they wish to accomplish
  • colloquialisms
    linguistic features that are associated with informal situations
  • consonance
    repetition of a consonant sound in the middle or at the end of words
  • content
    refers to what happens in a text, in terms of the actions, events, people and places
  • context
    refers to the circumstances that surround the writing and the reading of a text. trying to understand why a text was written and whom it was written for are good starting points for understanding context
  • context of composition
    refers to the factors that influence a writer when creating a text, such as time, place and personal experience
  • context of interpretation
    refers to the factors that can influence a reader of a text, such as time, place and personal experience
  • convergence
    in linguistics, describes what happens when people come together and accommodate for each other through their use of language
  • copycat crimes
    crimes committed by people who seek to imitate the violent acts that they have seen in films and other media
  • crowdsourcing
    act of outsourcing research to a large audience, usually users of a website, in an effort to create content
  • cultural bias
    not being objective, but judging something from another culture with reference to what is usual in your own culture
  • culture
    1 values, goals convictions and attitudes that people share in a society
    2 fine arts and a society's appreciation of the arts
  • culture jamming
    distorting of messages and advertisements produced by large corporations
  • deductive reasoning
    refers to an argument that comes to a specific conclusion by drawing on general rules
  • denotation
    what a word stands for in its most literal sense
  • denouement
    used to describe the resolution of the story's plot or a complicated situation
  • dialect
    variety of language that is unique in pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary
  • diction
    choice of vocab that a writer uses in order to create a tone
  • divergence
    cultures splitting from each other, developing their languages separately
  • double entendre
    stylistic device: relies on secondary meaning of a word
  • dystopian
    imagined world in which everything is bad and in which individuals are usually oppressed by a ruling government
  • emotive language
    reflects emotional tone of the writer and instigates an emotional response from the reader
  • enjambement
    continuing a sentence from one line to the next without a pause
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metaphor where human qualities are given to an animal, object or concept
advertising model where advertisers pay the websites that host their ads only when the ad is clicked on
paradox of fiction
reader empathising with a fictional character even though they know the character is not real
words that sound like what they name or describe
omniscient narration
all knowing perspective
objective narration
storytelling that is not biased towards an ideological position or character
negative ads
ads carrying an attack, used in political campaigns when opponents are attacking each other
narrative voice
manner in which the story is told, including point of view, diction, tense
collection of works addressing similar concerns, or which come out of a certain period in history
atmosphere created through the tone of the text