Summary ESP 250

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Summary - ESP 250

  • 1 ESP 250

  • Which term includes children who experience difficulties in learning as well as those whose performance is so superior that modifications in curriculum and instruction are necessary to help them fulfill their potential?
    Exceptional Children
  • Which of the following terms refers to a problem or a disadvantage a person with a disability or impairment encounters when interacting with the environment?
    Handicap
  • Which term refers to children who although not currently identified as having a disability, are considered to have a greater than usual chance of developing one?
    At-Risk
  • Which of the following are the three most prevalent disability categories?

    A)Learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, and autism
    B)Visual impairment, traumatic brain injury, and deaf-blind
    C)Learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, and other health impairments
    D)Learning disabilities, intellectual disabilities, and developmental delay
    C)     Learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, and other health impairments
  • Which of the following is an advantage of disability labels?
    A)Teachers have more appropriate expectations for students who are labeled
    B)Labels helps make exceptional children’s special needs more visible to policymakers and the public.
    C)A disproportionate number of children from some racial or ethnic backgrounds have been assigned disability labels.
    D)Labels indicate what and how to teach children with disabilities
    B)     Labels helps make exceptional children’s special needs more visible to policymakers and the public.
  • Most studies conducted to assess the effects of labeling ______.
    A)Have produced inconclusive, often contradictory evidence and have generally been marked by methodological weaknesses
    B)Show that it is better to use alternative approaches to classifying children with disabilities, such as according to the curriculum and skill they need to learn
    C)Show that labeling is more beneficial to students with disabilities than not labeling them
    D)Suggest that the disability is the most important thing about the child
    A)     Have produced inconclusive, often contradictory evidence and have generally been marked by methodological weaknesses
  • Which of the following is required for classifying or labeling?
    A)For parents to know their child’s disability
    B)For families to receive funds to help the child
    C)For students to be eligible for special education services
    D)For schools to know in which classroom to place students
    A)     For parents to know their child’s disability
  • Which of the following laws extends civil rights protection of people with disabilities to private sector employment, public services, transportation, and telecommunications?
    Americans With Disabilities Act
  • Which of the following means zero reject?
    A)Schools must educate all children with disabilities
    B)Schools must provide safeguards to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents
    C)Schools must collaborate with parents and students with disabilities
    D)Schools must use unbiased, multifaceted methods of evaluation to determine whether a child has a disability
    A)     Schools must educate all children with disabilities
  • Which of the following means due process?
    A)Schools must provide safeguard to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents
    B)Schools must educate all children with disabilities
    C)Schools must collaborate with parents and students with disabilities
    D)Schools must use unbiased, multifaceted methods of evaluation to determine whether a child has a disability.
    A)     Schools must provide safeguard to protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents
  • Which of the following is NOT a major principal of IDEA?
    A)Free appropriate public education
    B)Full inclusion in regular classrooms
    C)Least restrictive environment
    D)Parent participation and shared decision making
    B)     Full inclusion in regular classrooms
  • Special educators design ______ to keep a potential or minor problem from becoming a disability.
    A)Preventive intervention
    B)Early intervention
    C)Remedial intervention
    D)Compensatory intervention
    A)     Preventive intervention
  • This level of preventive intervention is aimed at individuals with a disability and intended to prevent the effects of the disability from worsening
    A)Tertiary prevention
    B)Primary prevention
    C)Compensatory prevention
    D)Secondary prevention
    A)     Tertiary prevention
  • Teaching a student who cannot speak to use an alternative and augmentative communication device is an example of which type of intervention?
    A)Remedial intervention
    B)Preventive intervention
    C)Early intervention
    D)Compensatory intervention
    D)     Compensatory intervention
  • Which of the following is NOT a challenge facing the field of special education?
    A)Increase funding for special education
    B)Increasing the availability and quality of special education programs for gifted and talented students
    C)Helping secondary students with disabilities transition to adult life
    D)Clarifying which students have multiple and severe disabilities
    D)     Clarifying which students have multiple and severe disabilities
  • The statements “instruction received by many students with disabilities not only fails to take advantage of that knowledge, it often embraces methods scientific studies have shown to be ineffective” refers to
    A)Remedial intervention
    B)The research to practice gap
    C)Universal design for learning
    D)Free appropriate education
    B)     The research to practice gap
  • Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of prereferral intervention?
    A)To increase the frequency of special education placement for children whose learning or behavioral problems are the result of inappropriate instruction
    B)The strengthen teachers’ capacity to intervene effectively with a greater range of problems, thereby reducing the number of future referrals for special education
    C)To prevent the costly and time-consuming process of assessment for special education eligibility
    D)To prevent relatively minor problems from worsening to a degree that would eventually require special education
    A)     To increase the frequency of special education placement for children whose learning or behavioral problems are the result of inappropriate instruction
  • Which of the following statements regarding multifactored evaluation is true?
    A)Within 30 days of receiving parental consent, the school district must complete the multifactored evaluation
    B)IDEA requires that multifactored evaluation reports provide information about the child’s educational needs and how to meet them
    C)IDEA stipulates that lack of appropriate instruction is one of the criteria for identifying a student with a learning disability
    D)IDEA requires nondiscriminatory multifactored evaluations only for ethnically and culturally diverse groups
    B)     IDEA requires that multifactored evaluation reports provide information about the child’s educational needs and how to meet them
  • Which of the following is a formal and systematic prereferral process that assesses how a student response to increasingly intensive instruction?
    A)Response to intervention (RTI)
    B)Universal design for learning (UDL)
    C)Multifactored evaluation (MFE)
    D)Student support team (SST)
    A)     Response to intervention (RTI)
  • ____________ teams are composed of professionals from different disciplines who work independently of one another.
    A)Multidisciplinary
    B)Interdisciplinary
    C)Transdisciplinary
    D)Nondisciplinary
    A)     Multidisciplinary
  • In this co-teaching format, both teachers teach the same content to two equal-sized groups of students
    A)Parallel teaching
    B)Team teaching
    C)Alternative teaching
    D)Station teaching
    A)     Parallel teaching
  • Which of the following involves a group of people who must work together for the benefit of the child?
    A)consultation
    B)Coordination
    C)Collaboration
    D)Teaming
    D)     Teaming
  • Which of the following is a required component of the IEP?
    A)A budget for the services a student will receive
    B)A multi-year outline of instructional objectives
    C)An explanation of the extent to which the child will no participate with children who are not disabled in the regular class
    D)A guarantee that the student will achieve the goals of the IEP
    C)     An explanation of the extent to which the child will no participate with children who are not disabled in the regular clas
  • Educating students with disabilities with children who are disabled to the maximum extent possible is called which of the following?
    A)The least restrictive environment
    B)Zero reject
    C)Related services
    D)Regular education
    C)     Related services
  • Which of the following should include a statement of program modifications or supports for school personnel that will be provided for the child?
    A)Goals and objectives
    B)Present level of performance
    C)Appropriate accommodations
    D)A statement of special education and related services
    D)     A statement of special education and related services
  • Educating students with disabilities with children who are disabled to the maximum extent possible is called which of the following?
    A)Zero reject
    B)Regular education
    C)Related services
    D)The least restrictive environment
    D)     The least restrictive environment
  • In the continuum of placement options, which of the following is considered most restrictive?
    A)Residential school
    B)Homebound or hospital
    C)Resource room
    D)General education classroom
    B)     Homebound or hospital
  • Which of the following statements is true regarding least restrictive environment (LRE)?
    A)The LRE is the setting that is least similar to a regular classroom and meets the child’s special educational needs
    B)IDEA does not require that schools provide a continuum of alternative placements
    C)A student’s placement should be regarded as permanent
    D)A student cannot be removed from the regular classroom unless the IEP team determines that specialized instruction or related services the child needs to achieve his IEP goals cannot be provided in the regular classroom
    D)     A student cannot be removed from the regular classroom unless the IEP team determines that specialized instruction or related services the child needs to achieve his IEP goals cannot be provided in the regular classroom
  • Advocates of full inclusion content that the LRE model does all of the following EXCEPT
    A)Implies that people with disabilities must earn the right to move to the LRE
    B)Directs attention to the services and supports people need rather than to physical settings
    C)Confuses segregation and integration with intensity of services
    D)Sanctions infringements on students rights.
    B)     Directs attention to the services and supports people need rather than to physical settings
  • The most crucial variable in the effectiveness of special education is the
    A)Quality of instruction a child receives
    B)Place where the child receives special education services
    C)Severity of the child’s disability
    D)Teachers’ attitudes toward the child
    A)     Quality of instruction a child receives
  • Many people—inside and outside the field of education—have detected the following problems with the nature of special education EXCEPT
    A)Lack of any progress toward providing equal educational opportunities
    B)Inappropriate grouping of students with disabilities
    C)Insufficient government funding
    D)Overidentification of students from culturally diverse groups
    A)     Lack of any progress toward providing equal educational opportunities
  • An increased emphasis on collaboration between parents and teachers is influenced by which of the following factors?
    A)Students’ lack of academic achievement
    B)Individual school district mandates
    C)Teachers constantly communicating with parents
    D)Parents wanting to be involved.
    D)     Parents wanting to be involved.
  • Educators must remember that family involvement is important because which of the following factors?
    A)Parents can exercise due process if they are excluded from participation in their children’s education.
    B)Parents wire the goals for their children’s IEPs
    C)Parents are required to spend more time in their children’s classrooms
    D)Families know certain aspects of their children better than anyone.
    D)     Families know certain aspects of their children better than anyone.
  • Which of the following explains why there is an emphasis on parent and family involvement in special education?
    A)Without parent involvement, schools are not accountable for delivering services
    B)Educational outcomes are improved when parents are involved
    C)Parents need to be present at the school to have an impact on their children’s education
    D)IDEA suggest that parents should be included
    B)     Educational outcomes are improved when parents are involved
  • All of the following statements regarding the financial situations of parents with disabilities are true EXCEPT______.
    A)Parents of children with learning disabilities may spend thousands of dollars on tutoring services
    B)Providing for a child with physical disabilities often means additional expenses above those for families without children with disabilities
    C)The extra costs of providing for a child with disability are usually covered by financial assistance from federal, state, and local agencies
    D)Families of children with disabilities often have reduced income.
    C)     The extra costs of providing for a child with disability are usually covered by financial assistance from federal, state, and local agencies
  • Which of the following is true about siblings of children with disabilities?
    A)Children are deeply influenced by having a brother or a sister with special needs, but their experiences are varied
    B)Siblings of children with disabilities have a higher incidence of emotional or behavioral problems than do siblings of children without disabilities
    C)Parents should take a “hands-off” approach, allowing siblings to navigate and define their own relationships
    D)It is the job of teachers an parents to help children with disabilities learn new skills; siblings should not be expected to help
    A)     Children are deeply influenced by having a brother or a sister with special needs, but their experiences are varied
  • Which of the following statements about marital adjustment for parents of children with disabilities is true?
    A)Having a child with disabilities puts so much stress on a marriage that families of children with disability tend to have below-average levels of marital adjustment
    B)Most families of children with disabilities experience average to above-average levels of marital adjustment
    C)Having a child with disabilities tends to weaken a marriage because usually only one parent is involved in the care of the child
    D)Having a child with disabilities does not affect the parents’ marriage or the family dynamics
    B)     Most families of children with disabilities experience average to above-average levels of marital adjustment
  • Which of the following is NOT one of the five principles of effective communication with parents?
    A)Accept parent’s statements even if you disagree
    B)Ask open-ended questions
    C)Refocus the conversation when parents stray from the topic
    D)Encourage parents to share private family information that will help you understand the students’ needs
    D)     Encourage parents to share private family information that will help you understand the students’ needs
  • An active listener does which of the following?
    A)Recognizes the importance of establishing professional distance to maintain objectivity and credibility
    B)Interprets what the speaker says to form a judgement
    C)Responds to the speaker’s message with animation and interest
    D)Frequently interjects clarifying questions
    C)     Responds to the speaker’s message with animation and interest
  • Which tends to be the most difficult step in the RERUN dialoguing approach?
    A)Understand
    B)Reflect
    C)Negotiate
    D)Explain
    A)     Understand
  • Which of the following is true about a cultural interpreter?
    A)A cultural interpreter must have a basic understanding of the family culture she is representing
    B)A cultural interpreter must speak the native language of the family she is representing
    C)A cultural interpreter must come from the same culture of the family she is representing
    D)A cultural interpreter is preferable over a language interpreter
    A)     A cultural interpreter must have a basic understanding of the family culture she is representing
  • _______ refers to families’ strengths, resources, and insights
    A)Funds of knowledge
    B)Cultural reciprocity
    C)Cultural diversity
    D)Cultural competence
    A)     Funds of knowledge
  • Which of the following is recommended sequence for conducting parent-teacher conferences?
    A)Build rapport, brainstorm the problem with parents, brainstorm the solutions with parents, summarize, and follow up
    B)Build rapport, explain the problem to the parent, explain the solution, summarize, and follow up
    C)Build rapport, provide counseling to the parent, engage in conflict resolution, summarize, and follow up
    D)Build rapport obtain information, provide information, summarize, and follow up
    D)     Build rapport obtain information, provide information, summarize, and follow up
  • A _____ specifies parent-delivered rewards for the child contingent on her behavior or academic performance in the classroom
    A)Closed needs assessment
    B)Dialogue notebook
    C)Happy gram
    D)Home-school contract
    D)     Home-school contract
  • Which of the following is one of the 10 guidelines for communicating with parents and families?
    A)Use technical terminology as needed so the parents know you are a competent professional
    B)Help parents strive for realistic optimism
    C)Never say, “I don’t know”
    D)Assume you know more about how the child’s needs should be met than his parents
    B)     Help parents strive for realistic optimism
  • IDEA defines intellectual disability as a “Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in ____ and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.”
    A)Communication skills
    B)Adaptive behavior
    C)Physical behavior
    D)Functional skills
    B)     Adaptive behavior
  • Which of the following is NOT one of the levels of intellectual disability?
    A)Moderate
    B)Severe
    C)Mild
    D)Educable
    D)     Educable
  • Which of the following statements is true? IQ tests
    A)Are strong predictors of school achievement
    B)Should be used as a sole basis for diagnosing an intellectual disability
    C)Have no validity
    D)Are useful for planning IEP goals
    A)     Are strong predictors of school achievement
  • Why is adaptive behavior difficult to measure?
    A)Assessment of adaptive behavior is not really necessary for identification of an intellectual disability
    B)Adaptive behavior scales are not reliable
    C)There is not universal agreement about which adaptive behaviors everyone should exhibit
    D)Adaptive behavior does not develop until adulthood
    C)     There is not universal agreement about which adaptive behaviors everyone should exhibit
  • The AAIDD’s criterion for “significant limitations of intellectual functioning” is an IQ score approximately
    A)1 standard deviation below the mean
    B)2 standard deviations above the mean
    C)2 standard deviations below the mean
    D)3 standard deviations below the mean
    C)     2 standard deviations below the mean
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Which of the following is NOT an advantage of center-based programs?A)Most centers offer parents education programsB)Other family members, such as siblings and grandparents, have more opportunities to interact with the child during instructionC)Center-based programs encourage social interaction among childrenD)A team of specialists have increased opportunities to directly observe and collaborate with professionals
B)     Other family members, such as siblings and grandparents, have more opportunities to interact with the child during instruction
Home-based programs:A)Are effective for all familiesB)Enable parents to receive support by an early intervention specialist who visits the home regularlyC)Allow children to receive as wide a range of services as they would in a center-based programD)Are more expensive to operate than center-based programs
B)     Enable parents to receive support by an early intervention specialist who visits the home regularly
Hosptials are frequently the setting where early intervention services are provided toA)Preschoolers identified with environmental risk conditionsB)Infants and newborns with significant disabilitiesC)Infants and newborns with mild disabilitiesD)Preschoolers with developmental delays
B)     Infants and newborns with significant disabilities
Preschool activity schedules shouldA)Consist of a series of teacher directed activities that systematically addresses IEP goalsB)Consist mainly of discovery learning activitiesC)Include a balance of child-initiated and planned activities, large and small group activities, active and quiet times, and indoor and outdoor activitiesD)Focus primarily on one-on-one instruction with developmentally appropriate materials
C)     Include a balance of child-initiated and planned activities, large and small group activities, active and quiet times, and indoor and outdoor activities
Preschool teachers can incorporate systematic language, social skill, or academic instruction into naturally occurring age appropriate activities throughout the day (e.g., snack, play) by ____A)Peer-mediated instructionB)Embedding learning opportunitiesC)Using play expansionsD)Modifying preschool activity schedules
B)     Embedding learning opportunities
Which of the following is NOT one of the purposes of assessment in early childhood special education?A)Individualized planningB)Identifying the cause of a disabilityC)Determining eligibility for servicesD)Monitoring progress and evaluating outcomes
B)     Identifying the cause of a disability
Which of the following statements about the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP) is NOT true?A)Early intervention services can begin before the IFSP is completed if the parents give their consent.B)The IFSP focuses on the natural environments in which the child and family liveC)The IFSP is developed by multidisciplinary team that includes the child’s parents and other family membersD)The IFSP must be evaluated every 3 months
D)     The IFSP must be evaluated every 3 months
Although not required to do so, states may also use IDEA funds to provide early intervention services to infants and toddlers who fall under two types of documented risk, biological and _______.A)EnvironmentalB)GeneticC)EducationalD)Prenatal
A)     Environmental
A comprehensive system of early intervention services and supports is designed toA)Accurately diagnose the student’s disabilityB)Cure the child’s established risk condition or developmental delayC)Reduce the effects of disabilities or prevents the occurrence of learning and developmental problems later in lifeD)Provide funding to parents who have young children with disabilities
C)     Reduce the effects of disabilities or prevents the occurrence of learning and developmental problems later in life
One measure of the quality of a person’s life isA)Her opportunity to make friendsB)The extent to which he can make choicesC)The richness of his childhoodD)The ability to share deep feelings
B)     The extent to which he can make choices