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Summary - Ethics
1 The Right to Life
Sanctity of Lifelife is sacred since it is god-given
Pope Paul VI (abortion)All human life is sacred
Genesis 1:27God created man in his own image
Luke 10:27Love your neighbour as yourself
Abortiondeliberate ending/ termination of pregancy, usually before foetus is 24 weeks old
Jeremiah 1:5Before I formed you in the womb I knew you
Isaiah 49:1Before I was born the Lord called me
Tertullian (early church)soul also begins with conception
Catechism 2270 (abortion)human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception
Christian view of embryoembryo has full human rights and should be treated like any other born human being
Genesis 2:7The Lord God...breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being
Pro-choiceview that women should have the right to choose whether or not to have an abortion
Pro-lifeview that supports the right to life of the foetus
Exodus 20:13You shall not murder
1 Corinthians 3:16-17If anyone destroys God's temple, God will destroy him
Church of England 1980 (abortion)we see abortion...as a great moral evil
Pentecostal Assemblies of God (abortion)Abortion is still immoral and sinful
British Humanist Association (abortion)This choice is personal
Public Theology Researcher (abortion)If we really are part of the body of Christ...that has to involve us offering time, emotional care and financial help
Assisted Suicidesuicide with the assistance of another person (euthanasia)
Euthanasiainducing a painless death, with compassion, to ease suffering. Greek for 'Good death'. Some Christians believe it is 'mercy killing', others see it as taking a life
Quality of lifemeasure of fulfilment
Voluntary euthanasiaterminally ill person asks doctor/friend to help them die peacefully and with dignity. 'mercy killing' or 'assisted suicide'
Involuntary euthanasiaa person's wishes cannot be given, unable to make a decision/opinion e.g. coma therefore someone else makes a decision for them
Cathechism 2324Intentional euthanasia...is murder
The Salvation Army (euthanasia)euthanasia and assisted suicide undermine human dignity and are morally wrong
Pentecostal Assemblies of God (euthanasia)Humans are not empowered to take their own lives or the lives of others
Active euthanasiaending of a life by deliberate action e.g. fatal injection/drug
Passive euthanasiaallowing terminally/incurably ill person to die by withdrawing/withholding medical treatment that only prolongs sufferings and has no real benefit e.g. stop food and water
Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)
- “Teacher,” expert in the law asked, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” “What is written in the Law?” he replied. “How do you read it?” He answered, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’ and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself. “You have answered correctly. Do this and you will live.”
- But he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
- Jesus said: “A man was going to Jericho, he was attacked by robbers. They stripped his clothes, beat him and went away, leaving him half dead.
- A priest happened to be going down the road, when he saw the man, he passed on the other side.
- So too, a Levite, when he came to the place saw him, passed by on the other side.
- But a Samaritan, came where the man was; and took pity on him. He went to him bandaged his wounds, pouring oil and wine.
- Then he put the man on his donkey, brought him to an inn and took care of him.
- The next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper. ‘Look after him,’ he said, ‘and when I return, I will reimburse you for any extra expense you may have.’
- “Which of these three do you think was a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?” The expert in the law replied, “The one who had mercy on him.” Jesus told him, “Go and do likewise.”
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America 1992 (euthanasia)deliberately destroying life...is contrary to our Christian conscience
Self-determinationright to make decisions for oneself in life. arguement used by those who agree with voluntary euthanasia
John Shelby Spong (good death)the right to a good death is a basic human freedom
Deuteronomy 32:39There is no God beside me. I put to death and I bring to life.
Catechism 2280the life God has entrusted us... is not ours to dispose of
Hospicesspecial places to which people go to die with dignity
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US Catholic Bishops
We cannot teach that killing is wrong by killing
Most Rev. B Thompson
Capital punishment feeds the cycle of violence in society by pandering to a lust for revenge
Against capital punishment
- contradicts basic human right to life
- torturously painful
- families and friends of those who are executed are innocently suffering
- innocent people may be executed by mistake
- presence of death penalty may create less respect and dignity for a human person
- there are alternatives to death penalty e.g life imprisonment, giving opportunity to change
For death penalty
- permanently removes worst criminals leaving society safer
- cheaper than pure incarceration
- offers retribution
- fear of death deters other potential criminals
- if one murders another, they have given up their human rights, therefore lost the right to live
- most serious criminals only understand the language of violence
form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed
taking money is a deterrent and money raised can help society and government. however for rich the fine has little deterrence compared to poor therefore unjust.
a form of punishment in which the criminal has to perform tasks useful to society, rather than going to prison. Public see that criminal is working for what they have done, more productive and effective however it is nothing to fear and is a soft-option which does not cause much discomfort to the offender
e.g. cleaning, gardening, other forms of public good.
e.g. cleaning, gardening, other forms of public good.
when a person is put in jail for committing a crime - e.g rape, violent assault, murder. restricts person and protects community from the person, may also allow reform, deterrent for more serious crimes, however overcrowded, many prisoners re-offend after out of prison, prisoners meet people like them therefore learn more how to be more of a criminal
someone who has done wrong e.g. broken the law
Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother's eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?