Summary Experience Human Development

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ISBN-10 0077861841 ISBN-13 9780077861841
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This is the summary of the book "Experience Human Development". The author(s) of the book is/are Diane Papalia Ruth Feldman Gabriela Martorell. The ISBN of the book is 9780077861841 or 0077861841. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

Summary - Experience Human Development

  • 1.1.1 An ever-evolving field

  • Wat is human development
    Is een wetenschappelijke studie die zich bezig houdt met processen van verandering en stabiliteit tijdens het mensen leven en probeert te begrijpen hoe veranderingen tot stand komen
  • Wat is life-span development
    Een concept van menselijke ontwikkeling als een levenslang proces, wat wetenschappelijk bestudeerd kan worden
  • What does the study of human development contain?
    Focusses on the scientific study of the systematic processes of change and stability in people. How do people change from conception through maturity and which characteristics stay the same.
  • What does life-span development mean?
    Used to be just about children development, now it's from womb to tomb. From the beginning of life to the end of life.
  • 1.1.2 Basic concepts

  • Wat is Physical development
    De groei van lichaam en brein, inclusief patronen van verandering in:
    • sensorische capaciteiten
    • motorische vaardigheden
    • gezondheid 
  • Wat is cognitive development
    Patroon van verandering in mentale vaardigheden, zoals:
    • leren
    • aandacht
    • herinneringen
    • taal
    • nadenken
    • redeneren
    • creativiteit 
  • Wat is psychosocial development
    Patroon van verandering in:
    • emoties
    • persoonlijkheid
    • sociale relaties 
  • Wat is social construction
    Een concept of gedraging die heel natuurlijk lijkt voor de mensen die deze accepteren, maar in werkelijkheid een uitvinding is van een bepaalde cultuur of maatschappij.
  • Wat is de prenatal period
    Dit is de periode voordat het kind geboren is
  • Wat zijn de fysieke ontwikkelingen tijdens de prenatale periode
    • Genetische aanleg reageert op invloeden uit het milieu
    • lichaams structuren en organen worden gevormd
    • de groeispurt van het brein begint
    • in deze fase de snelste lichaamsgroei
  • Waarvoor is een baby heel gevoelig in de prenatale periode
    De invloeden van buiten af, het milieu
  • Wat zijn cognitieve ontwikkelingen tijdens de prenatale periode
    Capaciteiten (mogelijkheid tot) om:
    • te leren
    • te herinneren
    • te reageren op sensorische stimuli  
  • Wat zijn psychosociale ontwikkelingen tijdens de prenatale periode
    Foetus reageert op stem moeder (en vader?) en ontwikkelt er een voorkeur voor
  • What are the different domains from development?
    - Physical development
    - Cognitive development
    - Psychosocial development
  • What is a part of physical development?
    Growth of:
    - body
    - brain 
    - sensory capacities
    - motor skills
    - health
  • What is a part of cognitive development?
    Growth of:
    - learning     - attention     - memory
    - language   - thinking      - reasoning
    - creativity
  • What is a part of psychosocial development?
    Growth of:
    - emotions
    - personality
    - social relationships
  • These three developments are seperate, but also?
    They are interrelated. Each aspect of one of the developments affects the other ones.
  • What does a social construction mean?
    Separating the life span in periods. It's an invention of a particular culture or society. So this can be different in multiple cultures or societies.
  • What does the age period prenatal period entail?
    This is from conception to birth
  • What are the physical developments in the prenatal period?
    - conception occurs
    - genetic endowment interacts with environmental influences from the start
    - basic body structures and organs form: growth spurt brain.
  • When is physical growth the most rapid?
    In the prenatal period
  • What is a big vulnerability in the prenatal state?
    Environmental influences
  • What are the cognitive developments in the prenatal period?
    - being able to learn
    - being able to remember
    - being able to respond
    to sensory stimuli
  • What are the psychosocial developments in the prenatal period?
    The fetus responds to the mother's voice and develops a preference for it.
  • What does the age period infancy and toddlerhood entail?
    Birth to age 3
  • What are the physical developments in the infancy and toddlerhood period?
    - all senses and body systems operate at birth in various degrees
    - brain grows in complexity 
    - physical growth and motor skills
  • Which physical developments in the period of infancy and toddlerhood are rapid?
    - physical growth
    - motor skills
  • What physical development is sensitive in the period of infancy and toddlerhood?
    The brain is highly sensitive to environmental influences
  • What are the cognitive developments in the infancy and toddlerhood period?
    - ability to learn and remember (even in early weeks)
    - use of symbols and problem solving (start at the end of year 2)
    - comprehension and use of language
  • What cognitive development is rapid in the infancy and toddlerhood period?
    Comprehension and use of language
  • What are the psychosocial developments in the infancy and toddlerhood period?
    - attachments to parents form
    - self-awareness develops
    - shift from dependence to autonomy forms
    - interest in other children increases
  • What does the age period early childhood entail?
    Ages 3 to 6
  • What are physical developments in the early childhood period?
    - growth is steady: appearance more slender and proportions more adult-like
    - less appetite and sleep problems common
    - fine and gross motor skills
    - strength inproves
  • What are cognitive developments in the early childhood period?
    - thinking somewhat egocentric, understanding of other people grow.
    -  immaturity results in illogical ideas about the world
    - memory improves
    - language improves
    - intelligence more predictable
  • What are psychosocial developments in the early childhood period?
    - self-concept and understanding of emotions become more complex
    - self-esteem is global
    - more independence, initiative, and self-control
    - gender identity develops
    - play becomes more imaginative, elaborate, and usually more social
    - altruism, aggression, and fearfulness are common
    - family still focus social life, but other children become more important
  • What does the age period middle childhood entail?
    Ages 6 to 11
  • What are the physical developments in the middle childhood period?
    - growth slows
    - strength and athletic skills improve
    - respiratory illnesses are common
    - health better than at any other time in the life span
  • What are the cognitive developments in the middle childhood period?
    - egocentrism diminishes
    - thinking more logically but concretely
    - memory and language improve
    - benefitting from formal school
    - some show special educational needs and strengths
  • What are the psychosocial developments in the middle childhood period?
    - self-concept becomes more complex: affecting self-esteem
    - coregulations reflect gradual shift control from parents to child
    - peers assume central importance
  • What does the age period adolescence entail?
    Ages 11 to about 20
  • What are physical developments in the adolescence period?
    - physical growth and other changes are rapid and profound
    - reproductive maturity occurs
    - major health risks arise from behavioral issues: eating disorder/drug abuse
  • What are cognitive developments in the adolescence period?
    - ability to think abstractly and using scientific reasoning 
    - immature thinking persists in some attitudes and behaviors
    - education focuses on preparation college or work
  • What are psychosocial developments in the adolescence period?
    - Search for identity: including sexual identity 
    - relationships with parents generally good
    - peer group may exert a positive or negative influence
  • What does the age period emerging and young adulthood entail?
    - ages 20 to 40
  • What are the physical developments in the emerging and young adulthood period?
    - physical condition peaks then declines slighty
    - lifestyle choices influence health
  • What are cognitive developments in the emerging and young adulthood period?
    - thought and moral judgments become more complex
    - educational and occupational choices are made sometimes after periods of exploration
  • What are psychosocial developments in the emerging and young adulthood period?
    - personality traits and styles become relatively stable: but can be influenced by life stages and events
    - intimate relationships and personal lifestyles are established but may not be lasting
    - most marry and become parents
  • What does the age period of middle adulthood entail?
    Ages 40 to 65
  • What are physical developments in the middle adulthood period?
    The slow deterioration of:
    - sensory abilities
    - health
    - stamina
    - strength depends on the person

    ~woman experience menopause
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