Summary Human sexuality in a world of diversity

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ISBN-10 020501576X ISBN-13 9780205015764
296 Flashcards & Notes
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This is the summary of the book "Human sexuality in a world of diversity". The author(s) of the book is/are Spencer A Rathus. The ISBN of the book is 9780205015764 or 020501576X. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

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Summary - Human sexuality in a world of diversity

  • 1 What is Human Sexuality ?

  • erotic

    arousing sexual feelings or desires

  • Gender

    one's personal, social, and legal status as a male or female

  • Human sexuality

    The ways we experience and exrpess ourselves as sexual beings

  • values

     

    the beliefs and qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable

  • Gender roles
    complex clusters of the ways males and females are expected to behave within a given culture
  • phallic worship
    veneration of the penis as a symbol of generative power
  • phallic symbol
    an object that represents the penis
  • incest taboo
    the prohibition against intercourse with close blood relatives
  • Polygamy
    the practice of having two or more spoouses at the same time
  • monogamy
    the practice of having only one spouse
  • Pederasty
    Sexual love between a man and a boy
  • Bisexual
    sexual responsive to either gender
  • Courtesan
    a prostitute, especially the mistress of a noble or wealthy man
  • Concubine
    a second wife, usually of inferior legal and social status
  • Sexologist
    A scientist who studies sexual behavior
  • Evolution
    The development of a species by mean of many small, cumulative adaptations to its environment
  • Natural selection
    The evolutionary process by which adaptive traits enable members of a species to survive long enough to reproduce and transmit these traits to their offspring
  • Evolutionary psychology
    the theory that a disposition toward a behavior pattern that enhances reproductive success may be genetically transmitted
  • Analogue
    something that is similar or comparable to something else
  • copulation
    sexual intercourse
  • Psychoanalysis
    The theory of personality orginated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that human behaviour represents the outcome of clashing inner forces
  • Unconscious mind
    Those parts or contents of the mind that lie outside of conscious awareness
  • Ego
    in psychoanalytic theory, the part of the mind that mediates between the id and the superego and that deals with external reality
  • Defence mechanisms
    In psychoanalytic theory, automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising or ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges.
  • Repression
    The autonamtic ejection of anxiety evoking ideas from consciousness
  • Erogenous zones
    Parts of the body, including but not limited to the sex organs, that are responsive to sexual stimulation
  • Psychosexual development
    in psychoanalytic theory, the process by which sexual feelings shift from one eregenous zone to another. 
  • Fixation
    In psychoanalytic theory, arrested development that includes attachment to traits and sexual preferences characteristic of an earlier stage of psychosexual development
  • Oedipus complex
    A complex of emotions raised in a young child, especially a boy, by a subconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite gender
  • Behaviourists
    Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behaviour must refer only to observable and measurable behaviours, and who emphasize the importanse of rewards and punishments in the learning process
  • Coitus
    Sexual intercourse
  • Modelling 
    acquiring knowledge and skills by observing others
  • Social-cognitive theory
    A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning, values, and expectations play key roles in determining behavior.
  • Queer theory
    A theory that challenges heteronormativity and heterosexism
  • Homophobia
    Hatred of homosexuals (even though the root "phobia" means "fear", not "hatred")
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Gay bashing
violence against homosexuals
Homophobia
a cluster of negative attitudes and feelings toward gay, lesbian, and bisexual people, including intolerance, hatred and fear.
Femme
a lesbian who assumes a traditional feminine gender role
Butch
a lesbian who assumes a traditional masculine gender role
Penis envy
in psychoanalytic theory, a girl's wish to have a penis
Castration anxiety
in psychoanalytic theory, a man's fear that his genitals will be removed.
Activating effects
those effects of sex hormones that influence sex drive levels, but not sexual orientation
Dizygotic (DZ) twins
Siblings who develop from different dertilized ova. (Fraternal twins)
Monozygotic (MZ) twins
siblings who develop from the same fertilized ovum (identical twins)
Biphobia
negative attitudes and feelings toward bisexual people, including intolerence, hatred and fear.