Summary Introduction to Principles of Urban Environmental Management

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Summary - Introduction to Principles of Urban Environmental Management

  • 1.1 The urban environment - challenges and potential

  • Are industrial areas part of urban areas?
    Yes
  • What aspects does an urban area have according to Wirth (1938)?
    - Large population size
    - High population density
    - Social heterogenity
    - Permanence
  • What aspects does an urban area have according to Bugliarello (2006)?
    - Population
    - Administrative jurisdictions
    - Function (i.e. Economic function)
    - Territory
  • What aspects does an urban area have according to Cohen (2006)?
    - Population size
    - Population density
    - Administrative / political boundaries
    - Economic function
  • What is social heterogenity?
    Multiple professions / occupations
  • What is a territory?
    Urban area or land that governing bodies have authority over
  • What is urban agglomeration?
    Population contained within the contours of a continuous territory inhabited at urban levels of residential density
  • What is a metropolitan region?
    Both the continuous territory and surrounding areas with lower settlement density, under direct influence of a city
  • Urban areas are generally:
    - Metropols
    - Cities
    - Towns
    - Conurbations
  • What criteria's does an urban area have
    - Administrative criteria
    - Population size
    - Population density
    - Economic characteristics
    - Functional characteristics
  • What types of spaces do cities consist of?
    - Living space
    - Working space
    - Leisure space
    - People space
    - Mobility space
  • What types of alternate mobility spaces are there in a city?
    - Sewage systems
    - Energy systems
  • Which city systems are we unable to see?
    - Big data
    - Food systems
  • What do settlements require to be made?
    1) Access to resources:
       - Agriculture
       - Trade
    2) Subsoil
    3) Technological innovations
  • What are growth drivers?
    - Natural increase
    - Migration
    - Reclassification of urban areas
  • Is population growth equal to urban growth?
    Yes, because all population growth is in urban areas
  • High income country = high percentage of urbanisation
  • Population growth = energy consumption growth.

    Energy consumption of finite sources skyrockets. High demand for food.
  • What are effects of climate change?
    - Temperature and climate change
    - Extreme weather
    - Changes in composition of oceans
    - Sea level rise
  • Problems that cause climate change
    - Use of way too much resources
    - Heavily reliant on non-renewable resources
    - Pollution, degradation and destruction of earth's systems
  • What is the current state of our urbanized world?
    Linear metabolism: Resource input >> Waste streams
  • What causes the massive throughput of materials?
    - dependent on external supplies
    - global transportation based on fossil fuel
    - Without fossil fuels mega cities would not have occured
  • What do we need to do to re-balance the world
    - We need to re-balance us and the environment
    - Tackle challenges and opportunities of urban areas
  • Why do cities have high potential?
    - Density = solutions and potential
    - Unused potential for supply, recovery and production
    - Unused potential of ambitious people
    - Local technical / socio-technical solutions
  • What is the vision for future cities?
    - Local renewable sources
    - Cascading, recovery and reuse of resource flows
    - Maximize potential
  • What was covered?:
    -  Subsoil and technological innovations influence locations and conditions of urban areas
    - Definitions of an 'urban area' differs
    - Population growth = urban growth
    - We have a demand for resources and produce emissions
    - Urban populations form the problem and the solution
    - Circular urban metabolism
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- public-private interaction
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Any kind of action undertaken by any societal actor to make a certain impact on society
What is policy?
Traditionally related to governmental actors and  governmental steering by classical policy instruments
What is the definition of governance
Process of ordering, ruling, steering, controlling in society and its result on society
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