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Summary - INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Culture, Structure, and Inequality
1.1 the sociological perspective
Individual perspective= explanation of something that
focusseson the individual
contect= social environment people are surrounded by sociologicalimagination/ sociologicalperspective= explanation of something that fosusseson social causes
e.g. Individual perspective genes or behavior of the person
sociologicalperspective= country they live in or school time period age etc
social phenomena= the thing the sociological perspective studies, collective human behaviour.
behaviour has social causes and those social contexts result in collective behaviour.
supplemental perspectives= two perspectives provide a more comprehensive explanation of human behavior.
you need to consider both an individual and a sociological perspective to find the cause of the problem.
alternative perspectives= only one of the two matters in explaining the cause
e.g. With obesity people in amerika have more obesity because of genes and that is an individual perspective.
promimate cause=factors that are close to the phenomena that has to be explaned
ultimate causes= factors that underlie proximate causes
e.g. Ultimate cause-->oriximate cause--->consequense
bullying negative self image obesity
micro level= level at which individuals operate
meso level= intermediate level e.g. Familie school
macro level= broader than meso level= nations groups of nations continents
What is an individual perspective?An explanation that looks at the individual level
What is an sociolagical perspective?An explanation that looks at the social causes
What is social context?The social environment in which people live
What is another word for socialgical perspective?Sociolagical imagining
What is an example of an individual perspective?Obesity because of food intake or genes ( it is the persons own fault)
What is an example of an sociological perspective?It is because the country he lives in
What is an social phenomena?Collective human behavior
What causes collective behaviour?Human behavior results from shared social conditions and this causes collective behavior
What is the theory of supplemental perspectives?THis theory states that both an individual perspective and an sociological perspective are needed to find the cause
What is the theory of alternative perspectives?This theory states that only one of the two perspectives is needed to find the cause and that the other doesnt matter
Proximate causeFactors that are close to the phenomena to be explained
Ultimate causeFactors that underlie proximate causes
Give an example of proximate and ultimate causesUlt bullying
prox negative self image
micro levelLevel at which
Meso levelIntermediate level , families school etc
Macro levelLevel that is higher than meso level, country nationalities continetns
1.2 social problems
Social problemAffects multiple people
is an issue whith which many people are concerned
Social problem other namePublic issue
Personal troubleProblem that is related to the personal live of someone
Examples of social problemsCorruption
crime and unsafe neighbourhoods