Summary Midterm Study Guide

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Summary - Midterm Study Guide

  • 1 Midterm Study Guide

  • diuresis
    excessive urine production
  • what is an antidiuretic hormone?
    helps renal tubules reabsorb urine into the bloodstream
  • hyponatremia
    low levels of sodium in blood
  • what is PKU?
    high levels of phenylketones in blood
  • pyuria
    presence of pus in urine
  • albuminuria
    protein in urine
  • glycosuria
    sugar in urine
  • bacteriuria
    bacteria in urine
  • pyelolithotomy
    removal to remove stone from renal pelvis
  • ureteroileostomy
    opening between ileum and ureter
  • vesicoureteral reflux
    back flow of urine from ureter to bladder
  • nocturia
    frequent urination during the night
  • dysuria
    painful urination
  • oliguria
    scanty urination
  • polyuria
    excessive urination
  • renal medulla
    inner region of kidney
  • renal cortex
    outer section of kidney
  • hilum (kidney)
    notch on kidney surface where blood vessels and nerves enter
  • renin
    hormone made by kidneys that increases blood pressure
  • -poietin
    substance that forms
  • py/o
    pus
  • -tripsy
    crushing
  • ur/o
    urine
  • albumin/o
    albumin (a protein in the blood)
  • azot/o
    nitrogen
  • dips/o
    thrist
  • kal/o
    potassium
  • ket/o, keton/o
    ketone bodies
  • lith/o
    stone
  • natr/o
    sodium
  • noct/o
    night
  • olig/o
    scanty
  • vesic/o
    urinary bladder
  • pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  • ren/o
    kidney
  • trigon/o
    trigone area of kidney
  • ureter/o
    ureter
  • nephr/o
    kidney
  • cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  • meat/o
    meatus
  • calic/o, cali/o
    calyx (cup shaped)
  • renal artery
    carries blood into the kidneys
  • renal vein
    carries blood away from kidneys into the heart
  • nephron
    combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where reabsorption, filtration and secretion occurs
  • renal tubule
    tube in kidney where urine is formed after filtration
  • glomerulus
    tiny ball of capillaries in the kidney
  • -ectasis, -ectasia
    dilation, widening
  • -emesis
    vomiting
  • -pepsis
    digestion
  • -phagia
    eating, swallowing
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below, under
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crin/o
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cis/o
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cephal/o
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bulging outward of the eyeball
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