Summary Psychology vol. 1

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ISBN-13 9781319384371
275 Flashcards & Notes
1 Students
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This is the summary of the book "Psychology vol. 1". The author(s) of the book is/are Schacter. The ISBN of the book is 9781319384371. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

Summary - Psychology vol. 1

  • 1.1 Psychology's Philosophical Roots

  • What is the definition of Psychology
    The scientific study of the mind and behaviour
  • What does psychology mean in greek?
    Psyche = soul + logos = to study
  • What is the definition of mind in psychology?
    A set of private events happening inside a person
    ex. Thoughts and feelings
  • What is the definition of behaviour in psychology
    A set of public events (observable actions)
  • Studying psychology involves studying both the _____ and _____ viewpoints.
    Subjective; objective
  • What are the three most important ideas in psychology?
    1) Dualism and Materialism
    2) Realism and Idealism
    3) Empiricism and Nativism
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical dualism?
    The mind and body are fundamentally different things with the mind being immaterial and the body being material
  • In philosophical dualism the mind is _____ and the body is _____
    Immaterial; material
  • What is the Key Premise behind philosophical materialism?
    All mental phenomena are reducible to physical phenomena
    "The mind is what the body does"
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical realism?
    Perceptions of the physical world are produced entirely from sensory organs
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical idealism?
    Our sensory organs pick up information from the environment and the brain uses this information in conjunction with information it already has to produce our perceptions of the world.
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical empiricism?
    We're born with no knowledge whatsoever, and all our knowledge is gained through experience
  • In philosophical empiricism when we're born our mind is a (Greek word) _____   ____
    Tabla rasa (blank slate)
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical nativism?
    Some knowledge is innate rather than acquired
  • 1.2 The Late 1800s: Toward a Science of the Mind

  • What does Structuralism study?
    The basic building blocks of the mind and the structure of the mind
  • What did Helmholtz study?
    Stimulus and reaction times
  • What is a stimulus?
    Input from the environment that sensory organs can detect
  • What is reaction time?
    The amount of time between the onset of a stimulus and a persons response
  • How did Helmholz test reaction time?
    He had them close their eyes and touched their bodies in different locations and measured the amount of time it took for them to respond
  • What is consciousness?
    A person's subjective experience of the world and mind
  • What is introspection?
    The analysis of subjective experiences by trained observers
  • What does Functionalism study?
    What the mind is for; the adaptive significance of mental processes
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Latest added flashcards

One aspect of thinking critically about new information is to make sure it provides the _____ truth, not just _____ of the truth
whole; part
The Canadian Psychological Association has a code of ethics that stipulates that research must have:1) informed consent2) Freedom from coercion3) Protection from harm4) Risk Benefit Analysis5) deception must be justifiable 6) Debriefing7) _______
confidentiality
The Canadian Psychological Association has a code of ethics that stipulates that research must have:1) informed consent2) Freedom from coercion3) Protection from harm4) Risk Benefit Analysis5) deception must be justifiable 6) _______7) confidentiality
debriefing
The Canadian Psychological Association has a code of ethics that stipulates that research must have:1) informed consent2) Freedom from coercion3) Protection from harm4)___ ______ _____5) deception must be justifiable 6) debriefing7) confidentiality
risk-benefit analysis
The Canadian Psychological Association has a code of ethics that stipulates that research must have:1) informed consent2) Freedom from coercion3) ___  __  _____4) risk-benefit analysis5) deception must be justifiable 6) debriefing7) confidentiality
protection from harm
The Canadian Psychological Association has a code of ethics that stipulates that research must have:1) informed consent2) ___ ____ ____3) protection from harm4) risk-benefit analysis5) deception must be justifiable 6) debriefing7) confidentiality
Freedom from coercion
The Canadian Psychological Association has a code of ethics that stipulates that research must have:1) informed consent2) Freedom from coercion3) Protection from harm4) Risk Benefit Analysis5) _____6) debriefing7) confidentiality
deception must be justifiable
What are the core principles that human research must follow according to the Tri-council Policy Statement (TCPS)1. Respect for persons2. Concern for welfare3. ________________
Research should be just
What are the core principles that human research must follow according to the Tri-council Policy Statement (TCPS)1. Respect for persons2. __________3. Research should be just
2. Concern for welfare
What are the core principles that human research must follow according to the Tri-council Policy Statement (TCPS)1. ___________2. Concern for welfare3. Research should be just
1. Respect for persons