Summary Smart Industry

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Summary - Smart Industry

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  • Inquiring systems make organizations smart in different ways. What are the 5 inquiring systems?
    1. Empirical/lockean
    2. rationalist/leibnizian
    3. kantian
    4. hegelian
    5. singerian/pragmatic
  • What is meant with the Emprical/lockean inquiring system? And name an example
    Meaningful representations of reality (Facts) and inductive understanding based on facts

    Example: Databases, accounting systems; census statistics
  • What are the key beliefs of the empirical/lockean inquiring system?
    Consensus about facts and fact as value. If you do not know the fact, you can not act in a smart way
    • Different types of data: Constativa; regulativa; expressiva
    • High data integrity and authenticity needed
  • What is meant with leibnizian/rationalist knowledge? And name examples
    Rationalist knowledge: predictions, explanations, reasoning models and optimization by logic.

    Example: Recommender systems and decision support systems.
  • What are the key beliefs of leibnizian/rationalist knowledge?
    If we have the best model, the one best solution can be found (Avoid GIGA (Garbage-in Garbage-out))

    Learn to improve your model: Machine learning
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  • Describe a Management information system (MIS)
    A MIS consists of at least one person of a certain psychological type who faces a problem within some organizational context for which evidence is needed to arrive at a solution and that the evidence is made available through some Model of presentation.
  • How does the Lockean (Empirical) IS creates "evidence"?
    Lockean is all about facts. You start with a set of raw data or observations. And based on that data you can agree on what facts are. 
    Examples are Databanks, accounting and statistics.
  • How does Leibnitzian (Rational) IS creates "Evidence"?
    Leibnitzian is about if we have the best model, we also will find the best answer.
  • How does Kantian (Collective knowledge) IS creates "Evidence"?
    From intuition to explicit knowledge. Organizational /Enterprise smart
  • How does Hegelian (Normative) IS creates "Evidence"?
    With two conflicting theories.
  • How does Singerian (pragmatic) IS creates "Evidence"?
    Wisdom of the crowd
  • The Jungian typology is the most suggestive of research hypothesis in this subject. This typology is characterized by four major modes of psychological functions. Which four?
    Perceiving(Sense):
    • Sensation: refers to the type of individual who relies primarily on data received by his senses. 
    • Intuition: refers to managers who are more data-free and make conclusions based on no data.


    Evaluation (Judge)
    • Thinking: Refers to the type that relies on abstract true/false judgments.
    • Feeling: is more about the type that relies on a moral component.  Good/bad, pleasant/unpleasant etc.
  • A designer of MIS, what is important to do considering the Jungian typology?
    A personality is a blinding and contrating of all the types. So no one will be purely one type. For a MIS designer it is important to give each type the kind of information he is psychologically attuned to and will use most effectively.
  • What is the difference between Tacit knowledge and Explicit knowledge?
    With tacit knowledge, think of personal qualities that are hard to formalize and communicate. Explicit knowledge is transmittable for example in a description
  • What is following Nonaka important to avoid when creating a database?
    Avoid Garbage in Garbage out (GIGO)
    • Check the origins of the data or reputation of the source
    • Professional versus the crowd
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  • How does organization knowledge creation takes place?
    This takes place when all four modes of knowledge creation are organizationally managed to form a continuous cycle.
  • Name a example of a effective way of converting tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge?
    Via a Metaphor may be harmonized by analogies
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