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Summary - Syllabus Culture studies
0 Spain in numbers
Which 4 languages are spoken in Spain?Castilian (castellano)
What is the capital of Spain?Madrid
What is the governing form of Spain?Constitutional monarchy
Who is the head of state in Spain?King Felipe VI de Borbón
Who is the prime minister of Spain?Pedro Sánchez
1.1 Geographical location
In which part of Europe is Spain situated?In the south-west on the Iberian Peninsula
What is the name of the island formation in the Mediterranean Sea?Balearic Islands (las Islas Baleares)
Which five islands belong to the Balearic Islands?Formentera
Which Spanish island formation is situated in the Atlantic Ocean?Canary Islands (las Islas Canarias)
Which 7 islands belong to the Canary Islands?Tenerife
What are the names of the two enclaves that Spain possesses in Morocco?Ceuta
What is the name of the enclave in France?Llívia
Sistema Bético + Sierra Nevada +
Pirineos + Cordillera Cantábrica encompass a large central highland that is divided in 2 parts.
1. Composed of the Submeseta Norte.
2. Submeseta Sur.
What is the highest mountain peak on the mainland of Spain?Mulhacén in the Sierra Nevada
What is the highest mountain peak in the Spanish territory?The Teide on Tenerife
Atlantic Sea climate in the north and west. Temperature in winter never below 0 and in summer between 20-22 degrees.
Mediterranean country climate in the centre. Precipitation in spring and autumn. Evaporation is an important factor which completely nullifies the effect of rain.
Mediterranean sea climate in the coastal areas of east and south Spain. Hot summers and mild winters.
What kind of climate do the Canary Islands have?Subtropical climate
Spain and Portugal form the Peninsula. It is partially surrounded by water.
What are the 3 largest waterways of Spain?Duero (895 km)
Which river is important for the economy and shipping industry?Guadaquivir (657 km)
By which river is the Catalonian coast dominated?Ebro (910 km)
The north-west is a home to many broad river branches = rías. Divided in narrow Rías Altas and the wide and long Rías Bajas.
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