Summary The Tourism System

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This is the summary of the book "The Tourism System". The author(s) of the book is/are Robert Christie Mill & Alastair M Morrison. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

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Summary - The Tourism System

  • 1 Tourism

  • What does WTO stand for?
    World Tourism Organization
  • What is inbound tourism?
    Visit to a country by nonresidents of that country
  • What is outbound tourism?
    Visits by the residents of a country to other countries
  • What is internal tourism?
    Visits by residents and nonresidents within a country
  • What is domestic tourism?
    Visits by residents within their own country
  • What is national tourism?
    Visits by residents of a country to other countries
    Visits by residents within their own country
  • What is international tourism?
    The combination of inbound and outbound tourism for a particular country
  • The 6 branches of tourism are:

    1. Inbound tourism
    2. Outbound tourism
    3. Internal tourism
    4. Domestic tourism
    5. National tourism
    6. International tourism

  • The tourism industry is a system because:

    1. it consists of several interrelated parts working together (interdependency)
    2. the open system nature of tourism, it is dynamic and constantly changing
    3. the complexity and variety in all aspects of tourism
    4. a systems approach displays better the great level of competitiveness present in tourism
    5. a system acknowledges a level of friction and disharmony in tourism
    6. the systems approach is used because each part of the system has a need for responsiveness

  • Four parts of the tourism system:

    1. Destination (planning, developing, controlling tourism)
    2. Marketing (strategy, planning, promotion, distribution)
    3. Demand (factors influencing the market)
    4. Travel (characteristics of travel)

  • 2 The Destination Mix

  • A destination contains a mix of ...
    interdependent elements
  • What are the 5 elements that a destination mix contains?
    1. Attractions
    2. Facilities
    3. Infrastructure
    4. Transportation
    5. Hospitality
  • What is a competitive destination?
    A destination that is able to increase tourism expenditure, to increasingly attract visitors while providing them with satisfying memorable experiences, and to do so in a profitable way
  • What is meant with hospitality?
    General feeling of welcome that visitors receive while at a destination area.
  • What influences which mode a visitor will use?

    the distance between the origin and the destination
  • The four elements that a complete transportation system consists of are:
    - modes
    - the way
    - terminals
    - technology

  • Infrastructure consists of all the underground and surface developmental construction of a region
  • What characteristics attract tourists to a destination:
    - Natural resources
    - Climate
    - Culture
    - History
    - Ethnicity
    - Accessibility
  • Which three types of ownership are there?
    1. Private
    2. Public
    3. Non-profit
  • What does scope mean?
  • What are the terms in which attractions can be characterized?
    - scope
    - ownership
    - permanency
    - drawing power
  • What is a secondary/stopover destination?
    an interesting or necessary place to visit on the way to a primary destination and it aims at satisfying visitors for one to two days
  • What is a primary destination?

    A destination attractive enough to be a primary motivation for tourism visits and one that is aimed at satisfying visitors for several days or longer

  • There are two universal attributes that serve as the primary definition of the attractiveness of a destination:
    1. Climate and natural scenery
    2. additional factors unique to the destination
  • What are the 3 characteristics of attractions?
    1. They have the ability to draw people to them
    2. They can be developed almost anywhere
    3. They can act like a growth inducer
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Latest added flashcards

What is GDP?
Gross Domestic Product
What is ITC?
International Tour Charter package
What are three trends discovered when analyzing tourism?

1. People have ventured farther from home

2. There has been a constant north-south movement

3. Despite a recent loss of market share, Europe has maintained its prominent as a destination and region of origination

What 5 factors are important when choosing travel modes?

1. availability

2. frequency

3. price

4. speed

5. comfort

What is a transit route?
links to the origin destination
What are the two stages in risk-based decision making?

- editing (outcomes are determined in terms of gains and losses)

- evaluation (weight is applied to each factor which takes into account the likelihood of an event as well as the impact of that probability on the overall experience 

What are three types of travel risks?

- political hazards

- social hazards

- physical hazards

What are factors that draw tourists?
Climate, natural resources, culture, history, ethnicity  and accessibility of a destination.
What is meant with climate dependent?
weather itself attracts visitors to the destination. Changes in the climate will impact the number and pattern of tourist arrivals
What is meant with weather sensitive?
weather conditions play a role in what types of tourist activities can be undertaken at the destination