Summary Tourism: a Modern Synthesis

ISBN-10 1408088436 ISBN-13 9781408088432
112 Flashcards & Notes
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This is the summary of the book "Tourism: a Modern Synthesis". The author(s) of the book is/are Page Connel Stephen Page Joanne Connell. The ISBN of the book is 9781408088432 or 1408088436. This summary is written by students who study efficient with the Study Tool of Study Smart With Chris.

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Summary - Tourism: a Modern Synthesis

  • 4 understanding rhe tourist as a consumer

  • Tourism is associated with the following issues
    1. Travelling away from one's home for more than 24 hours
    2.using one's leisure time to travel and take holidays
    3. Travelling for business
  • Discretionary spending
  • Globalization
    Tourism being part of the global process of change and development
  • TSA( Tourism satellite accounts)
    Accountiung developed to provide more reliable and comparable data generated by individual nations.
  • Principal problems while sutdying tourism
    1. Recognition
    2. Conceptualization
    4. Data sources
    5. Reductionism
    8. Academic/practitioner divide
  • What does recognition stand for?
    Tourism not being recognized as a subject because some analyst view it as an industry, while others view it as a subject or a process.
  • What does " conceptualization" stands for?
    Tourism is a multidisciplinary subject, different disciplines examine tourism from their own standpoints rather than from a universally agreed perspective. PAGE 5 LOOK BACK
  • What does " terminology" stands for?
    Wide range of jargon used (e.g. Alternative,responsible, sustainable tourism) that refers to facets of the same issue. This is annoying for students and researches just because of the lack of universally agreed definitions
  • What do you understand within the term " data sources " as a difficulty while studying tourism?
    The data sources available to tourism researchers are weak  compared with those available for other subjects.
  • What do you understand within the term " Reductionism " as a difficulty while studying tourism?
  • What do you understand within the term " Rigour" as a difficulty while studying tourism?
    There's still suspicion about the intellectual rigour with which tourism researches approach their subject. This is made more difficult by the tendency for non-specialist to dabble in this area of research.
  • What do you understand within the term " Theory" as a difficulty while studying tourism?
    There's no theoritical constructs or theory which explain the development and internal dynamics of tourism as a process of global economic and social change have been developed.  Thus, tourism remains theoritically devoid as a subject area. Altough there is evidence that this situation is changing slowly. The absence of theoretically derived research remains a major weakness for students and researchers.
  • What do you understand within the term " Academic/practitioner divide" as a difficulty while studying tourism?
  • How does the discipline " Geography" contribute to the study of tourism?
    by Spatial analysis of where tourism develops and why
  • How does the discipline  " Ecology" contribute to the study of tourism?

    by the impact of tourism on the natural environment
  • How does the discipline " Agricultural studies" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the significance of rural tourism to rural diversification.
  • How does the discipline " Parks and recreation" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By recreation management techniques in natural areas such as national parks used by tourists
  • How does the discipline " Urban and regional planning" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the planning and development of tourism
  • How does the discipline " Marketing" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the marketing of tourism
  • How does the discipline " Law" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the legal framework and implications for tourists and tourism operators
  • How does the discipline " Business and management science" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the management of tourism organizations
  • How does the discipline " Transport studies" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the provision of tourist transport services
  • How does the discipline " Hotel and restaurant administration" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the provision of hospitality services and accomodation for  tourists
  • How does the discipline " Educational studies" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By tourism curriculum design and development
  • How does the discipline " Sociology" contribute to the study of tourism?
    by Socilogical analyses and frameworks to understand tourism as an element of people's leisure time.
  • How does the discipline " Psychology" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By tourist motivation to explain why people travel
  • How does the discipline " Anthropology" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By The host-guest relationship
  • How does the discipline " Safety management and ergonomics" contribute to the study of tourism?
    By the design and development of environments and activities which are safe for tourists.
  • What is " leisure time"
    Activities and experience derived, characterized by freedom to spend one's free time
  • What is " recreation"?
    The activities undertaken in one's  leisure time leading to renel
  • What is "tourism" ?
    To travel to a destination( involving an overnight stay and at least 24hours away from home) which incorporates leisure and recreation  activities.
  • Name the methodology used by researchers  to understand the nature of tourism phenomena:
    Systems approach (leiper  1990)
  • What is the systems approach? In tourism
    A  number of constructs and components that highlight the interrelated nature of tourism (in delen)
  • What is a tourism  system?
    A framework which embodies the enitre tourist experience of travelling
  • What does the tourism system approach highlight?
    1. The tourist
    2. the integral relationships in the overall tourists experience
    3. the effect of transportation problems on travelleres' perception
    4. the tourist's requirement for safe, reliable and effecient modes of transport and service provision.
    5. The destination
  • Name the three things the 2 terms " travel and tourism" are used for in isolation or unison:
      1. The movement of people
      2. a sector of the economy or an associated set of industries
      3. a broad system of interacting relationships of people, their needs (sic) to travel outside their communities and services that attempt to respond to these needs by supplying products (after Chadwick 1994: 65)
  • What are the 2 elements  in all tourism? 
    1.  The journey  to the destination
    2. the stay at the destination including activities
  • 3 principal features that define tourism
    1. Purpose of travel ( e.g. The type of traveller, be he or she a business traveller, holiday- maker, someone visiting friends , relatives or someone visiting for other reasons)
    2. The time dimension involved in the tourism visit(  minimum 24 hours to maximum of 1 year)
    3. Those situations where tourists may or may not be included as tourists ( such as cruise ship passengers, check page 9)
  • What are international tourism?
    Inbound tourism, visits to a countryy by non-residents, and outbound tourism, residents of a country visiting another country.

    people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".
  • What are internal tourism?
    Residents of a country visiting their own country.
  • What are domestic tourism?
    Internal tourism plus inbound tourism ( the  tourism market of accomodation facilities and attractions within a country)
  • What are national tourism?
    Internal tourism plus outbound tourism ( the resident tourism market for travel agent and airlines)
  • Give the definition of "  International tourism"
    Travel between countries by various modes of travell for the purpose of tourism.
  • International tourism consists of  6 subdivision name them.
    1. Long haul
    2. Short haul
    3. Inbound
    4. Outbound
    5. Domestic tourism
    6. Excursionist or same-day visitors
  • Definition of " Long haul"
    Travel which invollves long distances (e.g. Over 1000 miles)  for example between continents.
  • Definition of Short haul
    Travel between countries which involves shorter distances or travel time (e.g. 250-1000 miles)
  • Definition of Inbound
    Visits too a country by non-residents ( importation of overseas currency)
  • Definition of Outbound
    Visits by residents of one country to another country (exporting currency to other countries)
  • Definition domestic tourism
    Internaltravel and  inbound tourism in total
  • Definition excursionist or same-day visitors
    Visitors who begin and end their visit from the same base( home or holiday base) within the same 24-hour period
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