Summary tractus digestivus en tractus respiratorius

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Summary - tractus digestivus en tractus respiratorius

  • 1 dag 1 pathofysiologie asthma (epitheel e.d.)

  • Tractus Respiratoir startr:
    In nose and mouth cavity
  • Function respiratory
    Humidify air and enable air exchange
  • Alveoli
    Exchange of gas between lung and blood
  • Conduction function
    Trachea (extra pulmunary) the brochi and bronchioles and the nose, mouth cavity
  • Difference between airway and alveoli
    The airways has a conduction function.
    The alveoli has a gasexchange function.
  • How many airway generations are there?
    23
    Every split is a generation. So, there are  23 splits into smaller airways. The first generation is from the trachea into bronhi.
    Second one into lung loubes.
  • Terminal and Respiratory bronchioles
    Are the most important conducting of the smaller airways.
  • Large airway anatomy Trachea and main bronchi
    Connected between cartilage segment in a U shape.
    In case of contraction, the smooth muscle norrow the lumen of the large airway  by constricting around the therfore alarm the cartilage to shrink.
  • Small airway anatomy Intrapulmonary bronchi
    Cartilage is not present as a u shape ring but fragment of cartledge like islands between the smooth muscle. These can contract the smaller airways
  • SMG
    Submucosal gland
  • Upper airway (start-end)
    From the nose down to the trachea and main bronchi.
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Upper airway (start-end)
From the nose down to the trachea and main bronchi.
SMG
Submucosal gland
Small airway anatomy Intrapulmonary bronchi
Cartilage is not present as a u shape ring but fragment of cartledge like islands between the smooth muscle. These can contract the smaller airways
Large airway anatomy Trachea and main bronchi
Connected between cartilage segment in a U shape.
In case of contraction, the smooth muscle norrow the lumen of the large airway  by constricting around the therfore alarm the cartilage to shrink.
Terminal and Respiratory bronchioles
Are the most important conducting of the smaller airways.
How many airway generations are there?
23
Every split is a generation. So, there are  23 splits into smaller airways. The first generation is from the trachea into bronhi.
Second one into lung loubes.
Difference between airway and alveoli
The airways has a conduction function.
The alveoli has a gasexchange function.
Conduction function
Trachea (extra pulmunary) the brochi and bronchioles and the nose, mouth cavity
Alveoli
Exchange of gas between lung and blood
Function respiratory
Humidify air and enable air exchange