Summary Unit 7-10

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Summary - Unit 7-10

  • 1 Unit 7

  • Adolescent
    • A young person who is developing from a child into an adult
    • Adolescent between the ages of 13 and 18 may face problems at school
  • Ahead of time
    • Eaelier than was expected 
    • We finished fifteen minutes ahead of time 
  • All the time
    • Very often 
    • She leaves the lights on all the time
  • (feel) at ease
    • To make somebody feel relaxed and confident, not nervous or embarrassed
    • Try to make the candidate feel at ease by being friendly and informal 
  • At one time
    • In or during a known but unspecified past period
    • She was a nurse at one time 
  • At the best of times
    • Even when the circumstances are very good
    • He's never very happy at the best of times
  • At the same time
    • At one time together 
    • She was laughing and crying at the same time
  • Be yourself
    • To act naturally 
    • People will prefer it if you just be yourself 
  • Before my time
    • Happening before you were born or can remember or before you lived, worked, ect. Somewhere 
    • The first landing on the moon was before my time
  • Behind the times
    • Old-fashioned in your ideas, methods, ect. 
    • You're so behind the times 
  • Breathe life into
    • To improve something by introducing new ideas and making people more interested in it 
    • The result of their research have breathed new life into the debate 
  • Brush off
    • A rejection or desmissal of something by treating it as unimportant
    • She brushed off her poor result and continued studying 
  • Call off
    • To cancel something
    • They have called off their engagement 
  • Childish
    • Behaving in a stupid or silly way 
    • Don't be so childish 
  • Cross off
    • To draw a line through a person's name or an item on a list because they/ it is no longer required or involved 
    • We can cross his name off; he's not coming
  • Cut off
    • To isolate or be separate 
    • She felt very cut off from society
  • Dependent
    • Needing somebody/something in order to survive or be successful 
    • You can't be dependent on your parents all your life
  • Dynamic
    • Having a lot of energy and a strong personality 
    • She is a dynamic leader
  • Ease off
    • To become or make something become less strong, unpleasent, ect. 
    • We will wait until the rain eases off 
  • Elderly
    • Used as a polite word for old 
    • They are an elderly couple
  • Every walk of life
    • Every status and occupation 
    • we invited people from every walk of life, but only those who could afford the long drive could possibly come
  • Experienced
    • Having knowledge or skill in a particular job or activity 
    • He's very experienced in looking after animals 
  • Fend off
    • To protect yourself from something, especially by avoiding them 
    • She managed to fend off questions about new tax increases
  • Fight off
    • To resist somebody/something by fighting against them/it
    • The jeweller was stabbed as he tried to fight off the robbers off
  • Foolish
    • Not showing good sense or judgement
    • I was foolish enough to believe what Jeff told me
  • For the time being
    • For a short period of time but not permanently 
    • You can leave your suitcase here for the time being 
  • From time to time
    • Occasionally but not regularly
    • She has to work at weekends from time to time
  • Get away with
    • To do womething wrong and not be punished for it 
    • Don't be tempted to cheat - you'll never get away with it 
  • Get up to
    • To be busy with something, especially something surprising or unpleasent 
    • She's been getting up to her old tricks again 
  • Get your own way
    • To get or do what you want, especially when somebody has tried to stop you 
    • She always gets het own way in the end
  • Give in to
    • To agree to do something you don't want
    • Mum finally gave in and bought me a Smartphone 
  • Go on about
    • To talk about somebody/something for a long time, especially in a boring or complaining way 
    • He liked to go on about how wealthy he once was
  • In next to no time
    • So soon or so quickly that it is surprising 
    • The kids will be leaving home in next to no time
  • In the course of time
    • When enough time has passed
    • It is possible that in the course of time a cure for cancer will be found 
  • In the nick of time
    • At the very last moment
    • They escaped from the smoke-filled hause in the nick of time 
  • Independent
    • Confident and free to do things without needing help from other people 
    • Going away to college has made me much more independent 
  • Inexperienced
    • Having little knowledge or experience of something
    • She is far too inexperienced for her role
  • Infantile
    • Typical of a small child, childish 
    • He's always telling infantile jokes
  • Juvenile
    • Silly and more typical of a child than an adult
    • Don't be so juvenile
  • Laugh off
    • To try to make people think that something is not serious or important, especially by making a joke about it 
    • He laughed off suggestions that he was going to resign 
  • Live a charmed life
    • To always be lucky and safe from danger
    • that footballer lives a charmed life
  • Long in the tooth
    • Old or ageing 
    • i may be long in the tooth but i am going to try anyway 
  • Make off
    • To steal something and hurry away with it
    • Watch he doesn't make off with that money 
  • (a) matter of life and death
    • Used to describe a situation that is very important or serious
    • Don't disturb me unless it's a matter of life and death 
  • Mature
    • Behaving in a sensible way, like an adult
    • Jane is very mature for het age 
  • (the) milestones in life
    • A very important stage or event 
    • Having a baby is one of life's milestones 
  • (a) new lease of life
    • The chance to live or last longer, or with a better quality of life
    • since her operation, she's had a new lease of life
  • (be) out of touch with
    • To not know or understand what is happening in a particular subject or area
    • Unfortunately, the people making the decisions are out of touch with the real world
  • (be) over the hill
    • Old and therefore no longer useful or attractive
    • Youngsters seem to think you're over the hill at 40
  • (in the) prime of life
    • The time of maturity when power and vigor are greatest
    • At 25, I am in the prime of life
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Wear the trousers
  • To be the person in a marriage or other relationship who makes most of the decisions
  • It's obvious who wears the trousers in that family 
Vote
  • A formal choice that you make in an election or at a meeting in order to choose somebody or decide something 
  • The chairperson has the deciding vote
Turnout
  • The number of people who vote in a particular election 
  • There was only 50% turnout 
Toe the line
  • To say or do what somebody in autority tells you to say or do, even if you do not share the same opinions, ect. 
  • One or two of them refused to toe the line
Talk up
  • To talk about (something or someone) to make it seem as good as possible or to draw positive attention to it 
  • You have to talk up the number to impress the boss
Swear
  • To use rude or offensive language, usually because you are angry 
  • Why did you let him swear at you like that
Spiritual
  • Connected with the human spirit, rather than the body or physical things
  • We're concerned about your spiritual welfare 
Social responsibility
  • An ethical theory that an entity, be it an organization or individual, has an obligation to act to benefit society at large
  • The whole area of social responsibility is becoming much more important to the consumer
Set the record straight
  • To give people the correct information about something in order to make it clear that what they previously believed was in fact wrong 
  • To put the record straight, I do not support that idea and never have done
Secular
  • Not connected with spiritual or religious matters
  • Ours is a secular society