Samenvatting Essentials of international relations

ISBN-10 0393935299 ISBN-13 9780393935295
115 Flashcards en notities
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Dit is de samenvatting van het boek "Essentials of international relations". De auteur(s) van het boek is/zijn Karen A Mingst, Ivan M Arreguín Toft. Het ISBN van dit boek is 9780393935295 of 0393935299. Deze samenvatting is geschreven door studenten die effectief studeren met de studietool van Study Smart With Chris.

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Samenvatting - Essentials of international relations

  • 1 Approaches to international relations

  • How does liberalism work?
    Human nature is good. Individuals form groups and later states. States follow norms and cooperate.
  • How does realism work?
    States exist in an anarchic international system. Each state bases its policies on an interpretation of national interest defined in terms of power.
  • How does radicalism work?
    Radical theory is rooted in economics. Individuals are determined by economic class. The state is an agent of international capitalism and the international system is dominated by an international capitalist system.
  • What is an anarchy?
    the absence of governmental authority.
  • What is behaviouralism?
    A method that proposes that individuals, both alone and in groups, act in patterned ways.
  • 2 The historical context of contemporary international relations

  • Two core principles that came after the american + french revolutions
    -absolutist rule is subject to limits imposed by man
  • What was the aim of the league of nations?
    It was an intergovernmental organisation designed to prevent all future wars.
  • What are summits?
    meetings between leaders.
  • What is imperialism and what is colonialism?
    imperialism: the annexation of a distant countrty
    colonialism: settling of people from the home country among the native people of a distant territory.
  • 3 facts about the treaties of westphalia
    -ends 30 years war
    -embraced notion of sovereignty
    -people began to think in nations and states with own armies
    (-core group of people dominating the world
  • What is a hegemony?
    When one state is predominant and in power.
  • difference NATO&Warsaw pact?
    Nato- western europe+USA+AUS
    Warsaw pact- eastern europe
  • What is the balance of power?
    When a group of states with about equal powers fear one state growing most powerful, and form alliances.
  • nuclear deterrence:
    both places have nuclear weapons, neither willing to use them out of fear.
  • What was the domino effect?
    that communism was feared to spread like a chain of dominos falling through asia and beyond.
  • 3 Contending perspectives

  • 3 levels of analysis:
    -individual (personality, choices, perceptions)
    -state (type of govt, type of economic system, national interest)
    -international (anarchic characteristics of that system, international/regional organisations and their strengths/weaknesses)
  • Points about realism
    .key actors: international system + states.
    .view of individual: power seeking, selfish
    .view of state:unitary, following national interest, power seeking
    .view of international:anarchic, reaches stability in balance of power system
    .beliefs about change: low potential, slow structural change
    .major theorists: Thucydudes, Hobbes, Morgenthau
  • What is a theory?
    a set of propositions and concepts that seeks to explain phenomena.
  • Points about liberalism
    .key actors: states, nongovernmental groups, international organizations
    .view of individual: basically good, capable of cooperating
    .view of state: not autonomous, many interests
    .view of international: independence among actors, anarchy
    .beliefs about change: probable, desirable process
    .major theorists: Kant, Wilson, Montesquieu
  • Points about radicalism
    .key actors: social classes, transnational elites, multinationals corporations
    .view of individual: actions determined by economic class
    .view of state: agent of the structure of international capitalism and executing agent of bourgeosie
    .view of international: highly stratified, dominated by international capitalist system
    .beliefs about change: radical change desired
    .major theorists: Marx, Lenin, Hobson
  • Points about constructivism
    .key actor: individuals, collective indentities
    .view of individual: major unit, especially elite
    .view of state: state behavior shaped by elite beiiefs, collective norms and social identity
    .view of interantional: nothing explained by international material structures alone
    .belief about change: belief in possibility of evolutionary change
    .theorist: alexander Wentds
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Laatst toegevoegde flashcards

What challenges has economic globalisation from economic liberalism been confronted with?
- individuals who think decisions were beyond their control started antiglobalisation movements
-the Asian financial crisis end 1990s showed the problem of too much capital flowing out of the region (bankrupt, stocks drop etc)
What is NAFTA?
The free trade area negociated by the USA, Canada and Mexico in 1994.
What is the european economic intergration?
A larger market, along with the free movement of goods and services will permit economies to stimulate growth and enhance opportunities for investments. The european union has achieved some of these objectives.
Problems with oil petroleum market:
  1. Some states can use oil as a strategic weapon
  2. Even international institutions have found it harder to exercise their influence in getting the oil-producing states to comply with international agreements.
  3. As oil has become more valuable, it has become a target for groups trying to disrupt established governments.
Critics of the international economic liberalism:
-Radical theorists argue development has not occurred.
-Reformers outside and within international financial institutions question governance and specific policies of the IMF and World Bank.
What is Washington Consensus?
An approach to economic growth, a version of liberal economic ideology
What is sustainable development?
an approach to economic development in the 1990s that incorporated  concern for renewable recourses and the environment
What did the Doha round of trade negotiations bring?
Difference between north and south- North wealthy, educated etc. South poverty
How does capital move?
-direct foreign investment (includes the building of factories and other facilities)
-portfolio investment (includes investments in the stocks and bonds of a country)
Roles of MNCs (multinational corporations):
-direct importing and exporting
-makign significant investments in a foreign country
-opening manufacturing facilities