Samenvatting Final Study Guide

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Samenvatting - Final Study Guide

  • 1 Final Study Guide

  • where does oxygen poor blood enter
    the right side of the heart
  • where does oxygen rich blood enter
    the left side the heart
  • pulmonary circulation
    blood flow from the heart to lung capillaries and back to the heart
  • systemic circulation
    blood flow from the heart tissue capillaries and back tot he heart
  • where does blood enter through the right side of the heart
    the pulmonary artery
  • where does blood enter from the left side of the heart
    the pulmonary veins
  • aorta
    largest vein in the body
  • atrium
    upper chambers of the heart
  • ventricles
    lower chambers of the heart
  • inferior vena cava
    carries blood from lower part of the body
  • superior vena cava
    drains blood from upper portion of body
  • what valve does the right atrium force blood through
    the tricuspid valve
  • where does the right ventricle force blood through
    the pulmonary valve
  • where does the left atrium force blood through
    the mitral valve
  • where does the left ventricle force blood through
    the aortic valve into the aorta
  • endocardium
    lines the heart with smooth layer of endothelial cells
  • myocardium
    middle, muscular layer of the heart, thickest layer
  • pericardium
    adheres to, and lines the outer fibrous coat of the heart
  • diastole
    relaxation of the heartbeat
  • systole
    contraction of the heartbeat
  • artery
    carries blood away from the heart to rest of body
  • atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
    specialized muscles fibers connecting the atria with the ventricles and transmits electrical impulses between them
  • atrioventricular node
    specialized tissue in the wall between the atria, impulses pass from SA node, through AV node, to the bundle of His towards the ventricles
  • coronary arteries
    branch from aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to heart muscle
  • endothelium
    lining of most blood vessels
  • mitral valve
    valve between left atrium and left ventricle
  • sinoatrial node
    pacemaker of the heart, specialized tissue in the right atrium that starts heartbeat
  • pulmonary artery
    carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
  • pulmonary valve
    between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
  • pulmonary vein
    carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
  • tricuspid valve
    between the right atrium and right ventricle
  • angi/o
  • aort/o
  • ather/o
    yellowish plaque
  • atri/o
  • brachi/o
  • coron/o
  • myx/o
  • ox/o
  • phleb/o
  • rrhythm/o
  • sphygm/o
  • steth/o
  • thromb/o
  • valvul/o, valv/o
  • vas/o
  • vascul/o
  • ventricl/o
  • arrhythmias
    abnormal heart rhythms
  • cardiac pacemaker
    overcomes arrhythmias and keeps heart beating at proper rate
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