Samenvatting Human sexuality in a world of diversity

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ISBN-10 020501576X ISBN-13 9780205015764
296 Flashcards en notities
2 Studenten
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Dit is de samenvatting van het boek "Human sexuality in a world of diversity". De auteur(s) van het boek is/zijn Spencer A Rathus. Het ISBN van dit boek is 9780205015764 of 020501576X. Deze samenvatting is geschreven door studenten die effectief studeren met de studietool van Study Smart With Chris.

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Samenvatting - Human sexuality in a world of diversity

  • 1 What is Human Sexuality ?

  • erotic

    arousing sexual feelings or desires

  • Gender

    one's personal, social, and legal status as a male or female

  • Human sexuality

    The ways we experience and exrpess ourselves as sexual beings

  • values

     

    the beliefs and qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable

  • Gender roles
    complex clusters of the ways males and females are expected to behave within a given culture
  • phallic worship
    veneration of the penis as a symbol of generative power
  • phallic symbol
    an object that represents the penis
  • incest taboo
    the prohibition against intercourse with close blood relatives
  • Polygamy
    the practice of having two or more spoouses at the same time
  • monogamy
    the practice of having only one spouse
  • Pederasty
    Sexual love between a man and a boy
  • Bisexual
    sexual responsive to either gender
  • Courtesan
    a prostitute, especially the mistress of a noble or wealthy man
  • Concubine
    a second wife, usually of inferior legal and social status
  • Sexologist
    A scientist who studies sexual behavior
  • Evolution
    The development of a species by mean of many small, cumulative adaptations to its environment
  • Natural selection
    The evolutionary process by which adaptive traits enable members of a species to survive long enough to reproduce and transmit these traits to their offspring
  • Evolutionary psychology
    the theory that a disposition toward a behavior pattern that enhances reproductive success may be genetically transmitted
  • Analogue
    something that is similar or comparable to something else
  • copulation
    sexual intercourse
  • Psychoanalysis
    The theory of personality orginated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that human behaviour represents the outcome of clashing inner forces
  • Unconscious mind
    Those parts or contents of the mind that lie outside of conscious awareness
  • Ego
    in psychoanalytic theory, the part of the mind that mediates between the id and the superego and that deals with external reality
  • Defence mechanisms
    In psychoanalytic theory, automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising or ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges.
  • Repression
    The autonamtic ejection of anxiety evoking ideas from consciousness
  • Erogenous zones
    Parts of the body, including but not limited to the sex organs, that are responsive to sexual stimulation
  • Psychosexual development
    in psychoanalytic theory, the process by which sexual feelings shift from one eregenous zone to another. 
  • Fixation
    In psychoanalytic theory, arrested development that includes attachment to traits and sexual preferences characteristic of an earlier stage of psychosexual development
  • Oedipus complex
    A complex of emotions raised in a young child, especially a boy, by a subconscious sexual desire for the parent of the opposite gender
  • Behaviourists
    Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behaviour must refer only to observable and measurable behaviours, and who emphasize the importanse of rewards and punishments in the learning process
  • Coitus
    Sexual intercourse
  • Modelling 
    acquiring knowledge and skills by observing others
  • Social-cognitive theory
    A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning, values, and expectations play key roles in determining behavior.
  • Queer theory
    A theory that challenges heteronormativity and heterosexism
  • Homophobia
    Hatred of homosexuals (even though the root "phobia" means "fear", not "hatred")
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