Samenvatting Psychology vol. 1

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ISBN-13 9781319384371
211 Flashcards en notities
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Dit is de samenvatting van het boek "Psychology vol. 1". De auteur(s) van het boek is/zijn Schacter. Het ISBN van dit boek is 9781319384371. Deze samenvatting is geschreven door studenten die effectief studeren met de studietool van Study Smart With Chris.

Samenvatting - Psychology vol. 1

  • 1.1 Psychology's Philosophical Roots

  • What is the definition of Psychology
    The scientific study of the mind and behaviour
  • What does psychology mean in greek?
    Psyche = soul + logos = to study
  • What is the definition of mind in psychology?
    A set of private events happening inside a person
    ex. Thoughts and feelings
  • What is the definition of behaviour in psychology
    A set of public events (observable actions)
  • Studying psychology involves studying both the _____ and _____
    Subjective; objective
  • What are the three most important ideas in psychology?
    1) Dualism and Materialism
    2) Realism and Idealism
    3) Empiricism and Nativism
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical dualism?
    The mind and body are fundamentally different things with the mind being immaterial and the body being material
  • In philosophical dualism the mind is _____ and the body is _____
    Immaterial; material
  • What is the Key Premise behind philosophical materialism?
    All mental phenomena are reducible to physical phenomena
    "The mind is what the body does"
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical realism?
    Perceptions of the physical world are produced entirely from sensory organs
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical idealism?
    Our sensory organs pick up information from the environment and the brain uses this information in conjunction with information it already has to produce our perceptions of the world.
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical empiricism?
    We're born with no knowledge whatsoever, and all our knowledge is gained through experience
  • In philosophical empiricism when we're born our mind is a (Greek word) _____   ____
    Tabla rasa (blank slate)
  • What is the key premise behind philosophical nativism?
    Some knowledge is innate rather than acquired
  • 1.2 The Late 1800s: Toward a Science of the Mind

  • What does Structuralism study?
    The basic building blocks of the mind and the structure of the mind
  • What did Helmholtz study?
    Stimulus and reaction times
  • What is a stimulus?
    Input from the environment that sensory organs can detect
  • What is reaction time?
    The amount of time between the onset of a stimulus and a persons response
  • How did Helmholz test reaction time?
    He had them close their eyes and touched their bodies in different locations and measured the amount of time it took for them to respond
  • What is consciousness?
    A person's subjective experience of the world and mind
  • What is introspection?
    The analysis of subjective experiences by trained observers
  • What does Functionalism study?
    What the mind is for; the adaptive significance of mental processes
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Laatst toegevoegde flashcards

Which degree would allow someone to be a counselling psychologist?
Doctorate in counseling psychology (PhD)
Which type of psychologist deals with workplace issues such as assessing potential employees, improving productivity, or helping staff and management with planning?
Industrial-organizational
Today most people who call themselves psychologists are in the ___ subfield of psychology
Clinical
As of 2018, approximately ___ of the people receiving PhDs in psychology were women.
70%
Women currently make up approximately ___ of the membership of the APA and CPA
50%
The American Psychological Association was formed in:
1892
Although cognitive processes depend on the brain, humans (and their behaviours) are also a product of the environment. How does cultural psychology include this aspect?
It examines how behaviour is influenced by the cultural values, traditions, and beliefs shared by a group
Psychologists and ___ often exchange ideas to further the field of cultural psychology.
Anthropologists
By utilizing brain scanning, cognitive neuroscientists can:
Observe and identify brain activity associated with specific tasks
How does cognitive neuroscience differ from cognitive psychology?
Cognitive neuroscience attempts to link thinking to brain activity, while cognitive psychology focuses more on thinking